Biological rhythms, sleep and Dreaming. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Biological rhythms, sleep and Dreaming.

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  1. Biological rhythms, sleep and Dreaming.

  2. What are body rhythms? • Body rhythms are biological processes that show cyclical variation over time…ranging from hours to years and reflect the influence of the earths rotation upon us… it's living inhabitants, along with plants and animals. • There are three rhythms that we will focus our attention upon throughout this module. • Circadian Infradian, and ultradian biological rhythms.

  3. Body rhythms cont… • Circadian rhythms: • (circa = approx & diem = day) go over 24hrs. Humans demonstrate a series of changes including temperature heart respiration and metabolism over this period. We (psychologists) are most interested in the sleep-wake cycle. • Ultradian rhythms: • (Meaning less than one day) Sleep is a good example of an ultradian rhythm, as you sleep you pass through differing stages of sleep (e.g. light and deep sleep lasting about 90 minutes.)

  4. Body rhythms cont… • Infradian rhythm: (meaning more than 1 day). An example of a infradian rhythm would be a woman's menstrual cycle which lasts for 28 days.

  5. What type of bodily rhythms are these?

  6. The sleep-wake cycle

  7. Eating

  8. Hibernation

  9. Body temperature

  10. Smoking a cigarette – the nicotine effect

  11. Menstrual cycle

  12. Seasonal Affective disorder

  13. Migration in birds

  14. Dream cycles

  15. Heartbeats

  16. What determines the length of these rhythms?? • Body Size • Age • Lifestyle • There are clearly individual differences in Biological Rhythms! • In built stopwatch • Owls or larks?