Overview of Greek Theater • Antigone • The land • The Theater
The Land • Greece has thousands of inhabited islands and dramatic mountain ranges
The Land • Greece has a rich culture and history
The Land • Democracy was founded in Greece
The Land • Patriarchal (male dominated) society
The Land • Philosophy, as a practice, began in Greece (Socrates, Plato, Aristotle)
The Land Located in Europe in the Aegean Sea
Overview of Greek Theater • The land • Antigone • The Theater
Six Main Portions of Greek Theater: Theatron – Seating for audience The Theater
Six Main Portions of Greek Theater: Orchestra – “Dancing Place” where chorus sang to the audience The Theater
Six Main Portions of Greek Theater: Thymele – altar to Dionysus in center of orchestra where sacrifices were made The Theater
Six Main Portions of Greek Theater: Skene – wooden scene building used as a dressing room. The Theater
Six Main Portions of Greek Theater: Parados – entrance to the theater used by the Chorus The Theater
Six Main Portions of Greek Theater: Proskenion – where most of the action took place; also served as a backdrop The Theater
Dionysus • God of Wine and Partying (Revelry)
The Theater • Greek plays were performed during religious ceremonies held in honor of Dionysus, the Greek god of wine and revelry (altars generally on stage)
The Theater • Business would shut down for days, people would travel from all around to see the drama competitions—even prisoners were temporarily released to see the plays
The Theater • Tragedy means “goat song” (relates to Dionysian rituals)
Where and how were the dramas performed? …In an amphitheatre
Where and how were the dramas performed? …With a chorus who described most of the action.
Where and how were the dramas performed? ……With masks
Where and how were the dramas performed? Each morning, one of the playwrights presented three tragedies and a satyr play.
Where and how were the dramas performed? That afternoon, another playwright presented a comedy.
Where and how were the dramas performed? This went on for three days and then a winner was chosen.
How were the dramas developed? • Thespis was the first playwright to tell a story. He had one chorus member step away from the others to play the part of a hero or god.
How were the dramas developed? Aeschylus added a second individual actor to the performance, thus creating the possibility of conflict.
How were the dramas developed? • Sophocles adds a third actor; now we have full-blown drama.
The land Overview of Greek Theatre • Antigone • The stage
Sophocles’ Antigone • Is based on the myth of Oedipus
Sophocles’ Antigone • Oedipus is given away by his parents, Laios and Jocasta when they learn from an oracle that their son would kill his father and marry his mother.
The ancient citizens of Greece would sacrifice and pray to an ORACLE. An oracle was a priest or priestess who would send a message from the gods to mortals who brought their requests.
The Oracle at Delphi Most famous oracle in Greek mythology.
Sophocles’ Antigone • Oedipus learns of the oracle and believing the king and queen of Corinth are his parents, he leaves to avoid the oracle.
Sophocles’ Antigone • Oedipus travels to Thebes, killing Laios on the way. He saves the city from a terrible monster, the Sphinx.
Sophocles’ Antigone • Thebes reward him by making him king and giving him the queen to marry.
Sophocles’ Antigone • A plague hits the city and the oracle warns that it won’t go away until the killer of King Laios is punished.
Sophocles’ Antigone • Oedipus investigates and finds out he killed his father and married his mother.
Sophocles’ Antigone • Oedipus blinds himself and Jocasta kills herself.
Sophocles’ Antigone • Set in Thebes (a city in ancient Greece)
Sophocles’ Antigone • Antigone is the daughter of Oedipus and Jocasta.
Sophocles’ Antigone • Antigone’s brothers, Eteokles and Polyneces, were to rule in alternate years.
Sophocles’ Antigone • Eteokles refused to give up the throne for Polyneces at the end of his year.
Sophocles’ Antigone • Polyneces went to Argos and raised an army to gain the throne.