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Well-Being Psychology

Well-Being Psychology

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Well-Being Psychology

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  1. Well-Being Psychology By: Cicilia Evi GradDiplSc., M. Psi

  2. Positive Psychology • Positive psychology  the study of features that enrich life, such as happiness, hope, creativity, courage, spirituality, and responsibility (Seligman & Csikszentmihalyi, 2000) • The measurements rely on self-reports  subjective well-being By: Cicilia Evi GradDiplSc., M. Psi

  3. Answer these questions … • How would you rate your happiness on a scale where 0 means extremely unhappy and 10 means extremely happy? • What would make you happier than you are now? • What makes you happy? By: Cicilia Evi GradDiplSc., M. Psi

  4. Influencing Factors • Happiness is generally greatest in countries that respect individual rights and accord women economic and political opportunities similar to men’s (Basabe et al., 2002) • #2 - Money, good job, more time to relax, boyfriend/girlfriend (or a better one) • #3 - Relationships with others, exercise, music, sense of accomplishment, religious faith, and enjoyment of nature By: Cicilia Evi GradDiplSc., M. Psi

  5. Mapping Well-Being • Well-being is situated in individuals, organizations and communities • Basic premise: individual well-being cannot be fostered in isolation from the organizations that affect our lives and the community where we live (Prilleltensky & Prilleltensky, 2006) • So, to promote and understand one, must promote and understand all! By: Cicilia Evi GradDiplSc., M. Psi

  6. Five Ss • Site  location of well-being • Sign  expression of well-being • Source  determinants of well-being • Strategy  ways to enhance well-being • Synergy  confluence of sites, signs, sources and strategies By: Cicilia Evi GradDiplSc., M. Psi

  7. Sites of Well-Being • Individuals, organizations, communities  distinguishable, but highly interdependent • Communities  embody characteristics of well-being, such as: affordable housing, clean air, accessible transportation and high-quality health care and education  all take place in physical space of communities By: Cicilia Evi GradDiplSc., M. Psi

  8. Sites of Well-Being (2) • Organizations  where exchanges of materials (money, physical help) and psychological (affection, caring, nurturance) resources and goods occur • Exchanges of affirmation and appreciation – in both informal and formal organizations – are a vital part of participation in organizations By: Cicilia Evi GradDiplSc., M. Psi

  9. Sites of Well-Being (3) • Persons  where feelings, cognitions, and phenomenological experiences of well-being resides • Interpersonal wellness  sign of personal, organizational or community well-being  WHY? • And why we have to honor the uniqueness of each site and their interdependency? By: Cicilia Evi GradDiplSc., M. Psi

  10. Signs of Well-Being • At level of personal well-being  identified by surveys, interviews, observations, and comparative analyses (Snyder & Lopez, 2002) • Signs  self-determination and sense of control, self-efficacy, physical and mental health, optimism, meaning and spirituality By: Cicilia Evi GradDiplSc., M. Psi

  11. Signs of Well-Being (2) • Signs of organizational well-being  respect for diversity, democratic participation, collaborative relationship, clarity of roles, and learning opportunities By: Cicilia Evi GradDiplSc., M. Psi

  12. Signs of Well-Being (3) • Expressions of collective well-being  a fair and equitable allocation of bargaining powers, resources, and obligations in society; gender, ability and race equality; universal access to high quality educational, health and recreational facilities; affordable housing; employment opportunities; access to nutritious food at reasonable prices; safety; public transport; clean environment; and peace (in Prilleltensky & Prilleltensky, 2006) By: Cicilia Evi GradDiplSc., M. Psi

  13. Sources of Well-Being • Each site and the corresponding signs has particular sources or groups of determinants • Personal wellness  based on number of sources a sense of control over our lives, a sense of mastery and a measure of stability; need to be nurtured, cared for and appreciated • Sir Michael Marmot  workers who experienced control over their jobs  2-4 times higher rate of die (managers, professionals, clericals, others) By: Cicilia Evi GradDiplSc., M. Psi

  14. Strategies for Well-Being • Through psychological means alone  cognitive reframing, positive thinking, information sharing and skill building  NOT ENOUGH • Also need environmental change  as promoters of well-being (ex: support group), not just in time of crisis • Combine these two for promising changes By: Cicilia Evi GradDiplSc., M. Psi

  15. The Synergy • Look at the context! • Social capital  connections among individuals – social networks and the norms of reciprocity and trustworthiness  to increase personal wellness, decrease level of crime • Economic equality  the smaller the gap between rich and poor, the longer people live By: Cicilia Evi GradDiplSc., M. Psi