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S O N N E T S

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  1. S O N N E T S Shakespeare 101

  2. 14 lines (We’ll practice with Sonnet 18) Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? 
 Thou art more lovely and more temperate:
 Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer's lease hath all too short a date: Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
 And often is his gold complexion dimm'd; 
 And every fair from fair sometime declines,
 By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd;
 But thy eternal summer shall not fade
 Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest;
 Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade, When in eternal lines to time thou growest: So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,
 So long lives this and this gives life to thee. What a sonnet looks like

  3. What a sonnet sounds like • Iambic penta(tum)meter Shall I / com PARE/ thee TO / a SUM / mer’s DAY? Thou ART / more LOVE / ly AND / more TEM / per ATE

  4. What a sonnet sounds like… Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? a Thou art more lovely and more temperate: b Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, a And summer's lease hath all too short a date: b 
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, c And often is his gold complexion dimm'd; d 
And every fair from fair sometime declines, c By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd; d But thy eternal summer shall not fade e Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest; f Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade, e When in eternal lines to time thou growest: f So long as men can breathe or eyes can see, g So long lives this and this gives life to thee. g abab cdcd efef gg

  5. How a sonnet is organized • First quatrain establishes a theme or a problem. Speaker compares lover to summer

  6. How a sonnet is organized • Second quatrain extends or qualifies the theme or problem. Speaker extends claim that he/she is lovelier than summer

  7. How a sonnet is organized • Third quatrain indicates a shift in thought. • Speaker explains how his lover’s beauty will never fade (like summer’s) because…

  8. How a sonnet is organized • A rhyming couplet resolves the poem and ends the conflict Speaker immortalizes lover in his poem

  9. How to analyze a Shakespearian sonnet • Pay attention to literary devices (what’s on your chart) • Paraphrase like you’ve never paraphrased before. • So, say it your own words. Go line by line and unpack the language so you get it. Then, you’ll be able to say what it means.