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Phrasal Verbs

Phrasal Verbs

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Phrasal Verbs

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  1. Phrasal Verbs What are they…? How do you use them correctly?

  2. Phrasal verbs are commonly used in English, so it’s important to learn them! A phrasal verb has 2 parts: 1) a verb 2) and a preposition (at least one) *often a phrasal verb has a special meaning Here are some Examples:

  3. …Examples Show up = arrive/come Show off= brag/show how great you are Show around = to familiarize someone with a new place Take off = leave a place Take after = to resemble or look like another person

  4. Sometimes phrasal verbs have anobject . . . The object simply answers the question: What?Or Who? Look at the following examples

  5. 1.Cynthia drops off the children at 8:00 each day. Drop off = phrasal verb . . .WHO does she drop off? The children . . . The children = object 2. Carlos wanted to get healthy. So he decided to give up smoking. Give up = phrasal verb . . . WHAT did he give up? Smoking. . .Smoking = object

  6. When a phrasal verb uses an object, the object can usually occur in2positions: (=this is called a separable phrasal verb) Look at this example: Michael was scheduled to marry Lisa in two days. He should have been excited, but he wasn’t. Instead, he felt . . . Very Very VERY Nervous!!!

  7. But, a day before the wedding, Michael decided that he had made a BIG mistake! So he called off the wedding! the wedding 1. He called off _______________. the wedding 2. He called _______________off. it 3. He called _________ off.

  8. Poor Lisa!

  9. Grammar Rule: An object of a separable phrasal verb can appear: 1. After the phrasal verb: Theyturned upthe volume. OR . . . 2. In the middle of a phrasal verb: They turned the volume up. 3. But, if the object is a pronoun it must be in the middle. They turnedITup.

  10. Now it’s your turn to do some grammar!What are some other waysto say each sentence below? 1. She tried on her new dress. Answer: She tried her new dress on. She tried iton. 2. They called off the games due to rain. Answer: They called the games off due to rain. They called them off.

  11. Remember… 1-Not all phrasal verbs have an object. Show up = come -Paul didn’t show up today. 2-Not all phrasal verbs that have an object can separate. Run out of = to not have any more left -We ran out of milk. *This is the only way we can say the sentence.

  12. Good Job! Be sure to ask your teacher or another classmate if you still have questions. Remember . . . Learning new grammar rules takes a lot of practice, so don’t GIVE UP!

  13. For more practice . . . Go to our class website: www.ecc6.blogspot.com