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The Prophetic Canon

The Prophetic Canon

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The Prophetic Canon

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  1. The Prophetic Canon Kings and Prophets In Israel and Judah

  2. BIBLE BASICS History of the Kingdoms: Judah and Israel Kings and Prophets The Deuteronomistic History: “Earlier Prophets” The “Writing Prophets”

  3. Themes in the Deuteronomistic History Joshua • Conquest of the Land • Liturgical Renewal of the Covenant • Relations among the Tribes of Israel • Decision for Yahweh • Leadership in Israel

  4. Asher Naphtali Zebulon Issachar Manasseh Ephraim Gad Dan Benjamin Reuben Judah Simeon

  5. Joshua 6 http://www.usccb.org/nab/bible/joshua/joshua6.htm

  6. Joshua fit de Battle Joshua fit de battle of Jericho, Jericho, Jericho    Joshua fit de battle of Jericho,    And the walls came a tumblin' down You may talk about the man of Gideon,You may talk about the man of Saul,There's none like good ole Joshua, and the battle of Jericho. Up to the walls of JerichoHe marched with spear in hand;"Go blow them ram horns," Joshua cried, "for the battle is in my hand." http://gbgm-umc.org/umw/joshua/joshua8.stm

  7. Themes in the Deuteronomistic History Judges • Conquest of the Land • Relations among the Tribes of Israel • Relations with other peoples • The Rule of Law • Charismatic Leadership • Hero Tales • Justice

  8. Themes in the Deuteronomistic History I and II Samuel • The Rise of the Kingship • Prophecy • Eli • Samuel and his sons • Saul • David and Jonathan

  9. Themes in the Deuteronomistic History I and II Kings • David’s Kingship • The Davidic Line • Sin and Grace • Prophecy • Solomon’s Wisdom • The Temple

  10. Themes in the Deuteronomistic History I and II Kings • Israel and Judah • Kingship • Relations among the Tribes of Israel • Relations with other nations • War as Scourge of God

  11. Themes in the Deuteronomistic History The Book of Joshua may be divided as follows: • I: Conquest of Canaan (Jos 1:1-12:24) • II: Division of the Land (Jos 13:1-21:45) • III: Return of the Transjordan Tribes and Joshua's Farewell (Jos 22:1-24:33)

  12. Themes in the Deuteronomistic History The Book of Judges is divided as follows: • I: Palestine after the Death of Joshua (Jdg 1:1-3:6) • II: Stories of the Judges (Jdg 3:7-16:31) • III: The Tribes of Dan and Benjamin in the Days of the Judges (Jdg 17:1-21:25)

  13. Themes in the Deuteronomistic History Plan of the Book of Judges -- New Jerusalem Bible • I First Introduction 1:1-2:5 • SUMMARY OF THE SETTLEMENT IN CANAAN • The settlement of Judah, Simeon, • Caleb and the Kenites • The capture of Bethel • The northern tribes • The Angel of Yahweh tells Israel of disasters to come

  14. Themes in the Deuteronomistic History II Second Introduction 2:6-3:6 • GENERAL REFLECTIONS ON THE PERIOD OF THE JUDGES • Religious interpretation of the period of the Judges • Why foreign nations survived in Canaan

  15. Themes in the Deuteronomistic History III History of the Judges 3:7-16:31 • A: OTHNIEL • B: EHUD • C: SHAMGAR • D: DEBORAH AND BARAK • E: GIDEON AND ABIMELECH

  16. Themes in the Deuteronomistic History III History of the Judges 3:7-16:31 JEPHTHAH AND THE `MINOR' JUDGES • F: TOLA • G: JAIR • H: JEPHTHAH • I: IBZAN • J: ELON • K: ABDON

  17. Themes in the Deuteronomistic History L: SAMSON • Samson's birth foretold • The Angel appears a second time • Samson marries • Samson's riddle • Samson burns the Philistines' harvest • The donkey's jawbone • The gates of Gaza • Samson is betrayed by Delilah • Samson's revenge and death

  18. Themes in the Deuteronomistic History IV Appendices 17-21 • A: THE SANCTUARY OF MICAH AND THE SANCTUARY OF DAN • B: THE CRIME AT GIBEAH AND THE WAR AGAINST BENJAMIN • Judges 21:25 In those days there was no king in Israel, and everyone did as he saw fit.

  19. Themes in the Deuteronomistic History First Samuel: Plan of the Book -- New Jerusalem Bible I Samuel 1-7 • A The Childhood of Samuel 1:1-4:1 • B The Ark in Philistine Hands 4:1-7:17 II Samuel and Saul 8-15 • A The Institution of the Monarchy 8-12 • B The Beginning of Saul's Reign 13-15

  20. Themes in the Deuteronomistic History III Saul and David 16-31 • A David at Court 16:1-19:7 • B The Flight of David 19:8-21:16 • C David the Outlaw 22-26 • D David among the Philistines 27-31

  21. Themes in the Deuteronomistic History Second Samuel: Plan of the Book -- New Jerusalem Bible I David 2-20 • A David King of Judah 2-4 • B David King of Judah and of Israel 5-8 • C David's Family and the Intrigues over the Succession 9-20 (+1 K 1-2) II Supplements 21-24

  22. Themes in the Deuteronomistic History PLAN OF THE BOOKS OF KINGS I The Davidic Succession 1 Kings 1-2 II Solomon in all his Glory 1 Kings 3-11 III The Political and Religious Schism 1 Kings 12-13 IV The Two Kingdoms until Elijah 1 Kings 14-16 V The Elijah Cycle 1 Kings 17-2 Kings 1 VI The Elisha Cycle 2 Kings 2-13 VII The two Kingdoms until the Fall of Samaria 2 Kgs 14-17 VIII The Last Years of the Kingdom of Judah 2 Kings 18-25

  23. Themes in the Deuteronomistic History The Principal Texts on the Monarchy • 1. I Sam. 7:2ff - implicit that Israel shouldn’t need monarchy • 2. I Sam. 8 - Theological criticism: rejection of YHWH as king • 3. I Sam. 9:1-10:16 - Positive • 4. I Sam. 10:17-27 - less negative • 5. I Sam. 11 - charismatic rule; positive • 6. I Sam. 12 - discourse of Samuel

  24. The United Monarchy Kings of the United Kingdom (c 1025-925 BC) KingRelationship to Previous KingGod's Judgment Saul none did evil Ishbosheth* son (unknown) David none did right Solomon (AKA Jedidiah) son did right in youth, evil in old age * The kingdom was divided during Ishbosheth's reign; David was king over the tribe of Judah.

  25. The Divided Kingdom Kings of Judah (c 925-586 BC) Kings of Israel (c 925-721 BC) King /Relationship to Previous King /God's Judgment Rehoboam son did evil Jeroboam servant did evil Abijam (AKA Abijah) son did evil Asa son did right Nadab son did evil Baasha none did evil Elah son did evil Zimri captain did evil Omri captain did evil Ahab son did evil Jehoshaphat son did right Ahaziah son did evil Jehoram (AKA Joram) son of Ahab did evil

  26. The Divided Kingdom Kings of Judah (c 925-586 BC) Kings of Israel (c 925-721 BC) King /Relationship to Previous King /God's Judgment Jehoram (AKA Joram) son of Ahab did evil Jehoram (AKA Joram) son did evil Ahaziah (AKA Azariah or Jehoahaz) son did evil Athaliah mother did evil Jehu captain mixed Joash (AKA Jehoash) son of Ahaziah did right in youth, evil in old age Jehoahaz son did evil Joash (AKA Jehoash) son did evil Amaziah son did right in youth, evil in old age

  27. The Divided Kingdom Kings of Judah (c 925-586 BC) Kings of Israel (c 925-721 BC) King /Relationship to Previous King /God's Judgment Jeroboam II son did evil Uzziah (AKA Azariah) son did right Zachariah son did evil Shallum none did evil (surmised) Menahem none did evil Pekahiah son did evil Pekah captain did evil Jotham son did right Ahaz son did evil Hoshea none did evil Hezekiah son did right Assyrian captivity - 721 BC

  28. The Divided Kingdom Kings of Judah (c 925-586 BC) Continued King /Relationship to Previous King /God's Judgment Manasseh son did evil Amon son did evil Josiah son did right Jehoahaz (AKA Shallum) son did evil Jehoiakim (AKA Eliakim) son of Josiah did evil Jehoiachin (AKA Coniah or Jeconiah) son did evil Zedekiah (AKA Mattaniah) son of Josiah did evil Babylonian captivity -- 586 BC

  29. The Earlier Prophets Approximate Date (BCE) Prophet Biblical Source Probable locations 1200 Joshua Book of Joshua Israel. 1050 Samuel Book of Samuel 850 Elijah I Kings 17-21, II Kings 11 - 211 NB. Like Enoch (Gen 521-24) Elijah did not die an ordinary death (2Kings211) This sets a precedent both for the belief in an afterlife and in Elijah's return. 850 Micaiah I Kings 228-29 Israel. 825 Elisha II Kings 2 - 10 Israel.

  30. The Writing Prophets Approximate Date (BCE) Prophet Biblical Source Probable locations 750 Amos Book of Amos Israel. 740-730 Hosea Book of Hosea Israel. • The Assyrians destroy the northern kingdom of Israel in 722/721. 742-695 Isaiah (1) Book of Isaiah (1-39) Jerusalem (Judah). 730-701 Micah Book of Micah Judah.

  31. The Writing Prophets Approximate Date (BCE) Prophet Biblical Source Probable locations 630-622 Zephaniah Book of Zephaniah Judah. 627-580 Jeremiah Book of Jeremiah Judah. After 612 Nahum Book of Nahum Location uncertain 605-600 Habakkuk Book of Habakkuk Judah. 593-570 Ezekiel Book of Ezekiel Babylon • The Babylonians destroy Jerusalem and Exile Judah in 587/586.

  32. The Writing Prophets Approximate Date (BCE) Prophet Biblical Source Probable locations After 587 Obadiah Book of Obadiah Judah. 540 Isaiah (2) Book of Isaiah (40-55) Babylon 520 Haggai Book of Haggai Jerusalem. 520-515 Zechariah Book of Zechariah Jerusalem. 515? Isaiah(3?) Book of Isaiah (56-66) Jerusalem.

  33. The Writing Prophets Approximate Date (BCE) Prophet Biblical Source Probable locations Before 458 Malachi Book of Malachi Jerusalem. 400-350 Joel Book of Joel Jerusalem. Uncertain Jonah Book of Jonah Nineveh