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The Canon PowerPoint Presentation

The Canon

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The Canon

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  1. The Canon

  2. 450 BC Ezra According to Jewish tradition, Ezra, a priest and scribe, collected and arranged some of the books of the Hebrew Bible, around 450 BC. Approved by the Councils in Jamnia (+ 100 AD)

  3. The Jewish Bible Kethuvim (Writings) Psalms Proverbs Job The Scrolls Daniel Ezra Nehemiah 1st Chronicles 2nd Chronicles Torah (Law) Genesis Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Neviim (Prophets) Joshua Judges 1st Samuel 2nd Samuel 1st Kings 2nd Kings Isaiah Jeremiah Ezekiel Book of the 12 Song of Songs Ruth Lamentations Ecclesiastes Esther Hosea Joel Amos Obadiah Jonah Micah Nahum Habakuk Zephaniah Haggi Zechariah Malachi TANAKH

  4. Done in Alexandria 250-100 BC The Septuagint (LXX) The books of this Greek translation are arranged by subject. • Torah • History • Poetry • Prophecy • The Apocrypha (Hidden Books)

  5. Apocrypha (“Hidden books”) Old Testament Jews 39 books from the Septuagint LXX (Greek Old Testament) Catholic 7 New English Bible 15 Eastern Orthodox 17 New Testament 27 books

  6. Informal “Tests” for The Cannon • Books accepted and approved as Holy Scripture. • Based on a standard or “rule of faith.” • Divine inspiration • Accuracy • Doctrinal truth • Consistency • Spiritual Power • Acceptance by the people of God • (For New Testament) Written by an Apostle or close associate

  7. Things circulated informally. (Col. 4:16) Gospels were circulated (1 Tim. 5:18) Pauline epistles were probably collected by 80-85 AD (2 Pt. 3:15-16) P 52 125-150 AD

  8. The Books of the New Testament Are Not in Doubt P66 (Bodmer Papyrus) most of the Gospel of John Dated + 200 AD Found in Egypt Around 200-250 the cannon of the New Testament was spontaneously settled at 27 books. The 27 book cannon was ratified by the Council of Carthage 397 AD