Fundamentals inthe Sentence Writing Strategy Cue Cards with Learning Sheets The University of Kansas Center for Research on Learning
NAME The Unit Organizer DATE Expanded Unit Map 9 is about... 10 NEW UNIT SELF-TEST QUESTIONS Fundamentals of Sentence Writing Filling in the gaps prior to writing simple sentences Through teaching these concepts and skills Lesson 1: pg 9 Complete Sentence Cue Cards #1-3 LS# 1A-H Lesson 2: pg16 PENS Steps, MARK Cue Cards #4-5 LS# 2A-3H Lesson 3: pg24 Linking Verb Cue Cards #4,5,6,7 LS# 4A-5H Lesson 4: pg30 Infinitive Cue Cards #8 LS# 6A-7H Lesson 5: pg38 Prepositional Phrase Cue Cards# 8-10 LS# 8A-11H Lesson 6: pg47 SSV Cue Card: Simple Sent Checklist LS# 12A- 13-H Lesson 7: pg55 SVV Cue Card: Simple Sent Checklist LS# 14A- 16-H Lesson 8: pg63 SSVV Cue Cards: Simple Sent Checklist LS# 17A- 19H Lesson 9: pg71 Adjective, main subject Cue Card # 11 LS # 20a-22H Lesson 10: pg78 Complete verbs, helping verbs Cue Cards# 12-13 LS# 23A-25H Lesson 11: pg87 Adverb Cue Cards #12-13 LS 26A-27H • What are the requirements of a complete sentence? • Explain the steps of the “PENS” Strategy. • How can the MARK steps help us check our sentences?
Lesson 1 Complete Sentences
Complete Sentence 1.Start with a capital letter 2.Have end punctuation(. ? !) 3.Have a subject(S) 4.Have a verb(V) 5.Make sense S V . ? !
Subject The person, place, thing, quality, or idea that the sentence is about. • Examples Jenna went for a walk. (Person) The store was closed. (Place) Balloons rose into the sky. (Things) Silence filled the streets. (Quality) Peace was declared at midnight. (Idea)
Action Verb A word that shows the action of the subject of the sentence. • Examples: Body ActionsMind Actions walk think run want
Lesson 2 PENS & mARK
The PENS Strategy Pick a formula Explore words to fit the formula Note the words Search and check
Search & Check Step M Ask ”Is there a verb?" Root out the subject (ask, ”Who or What _____?") Key in on the • beginning • ending • meaning
Lesson 3 Linking Verbs
9 Linking Verbs Words that link the subject to another word that describes the subject. Am Was Are Were Is Seem Be Been Become
Verb (Action & Linking) A word that shows the action or state-of-being of the subject
Lesson 4 Infinitives
Infinitives • Usually made up of 2 words: the word “to” in front of an action verb Examples: Madonna likes to sing. Sarah wants to ride the bus. Tikki yearns to play football. I I I
Lesson 5 Prepositional Phrases
Search & Check Step Mark out imposters • infinitives • prepositional phrases Ask ”Is there a verb?" Root out the subject (ask, ”Who or What _____?") Key in on the • beginning • ending • meaning
Prepositions about down past above during across since after except against through along for throughout amid from to among toward around in at inside under into underneath before until behind like up below upon beneath near with beside of within between off without beyond on by over out outside of
Prepositional Phrase • A group of words that show place or time • (where or when the action takes place) • Each prepositional phrase contains a preposition and at least one word, either: • Person • Place • Thing • A Bee flies above the jar. P
Lesson 6 Simple Sentence Pattern SSV
Types of Simple Sentences SV "One person doing one thing" SSV "Two people doing one thing"
Lesson 7 SVVSimple Sentence Pattern
Types of Simple Sentences SV "One person doing one thing" SSV "Two people doing one thing" SVV "One person doing two things'