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Prof. John C. Mutter Deputy Director The Earth Institute at Columbia University PowerPoint Presentation
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Prof. John C. Mutter Deputy Director The Earth Institute at Columbia University

Prof. John C. Mutter Deputy Director The Earth Institute at Columbia University

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Prof. John C. Mutter Deputy Director The Earth Institute at Columbia University

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  1. Disasters and Development: Including Hurricane Katrina: How did a poor world disaster happen in a rich country? Prof. John C. Mutter Deputy Director The Earth Institute at Columbia University

  2. Disasters and the poorest Does this have to be? Can your science help people like this?

  3. Collecting water near Kararo Ethiopia

  4. Disasters and the poorest Does this have to be?

  5. Can our science help people like this ……

  6. Kararo Village Ethiopia

  7. Can our science help people like this ……

  8. Three part case for the co-dependence of human well-being and the state of the planet • There is a global ecology of human well-being • Small variations around the norm in poor countries can act like disasters in rich countries -- the poorest are the most vulnerable • Natural disasters preferentially imperil the poorest

  9. Income per person, PPP (1998)

  10. GDP per capita as a function of latitude. Poverty has a latitudinal dependence (J. Sachs)

  11. Infant Mortality

  12. What is the Human Development Index (HDI)? A summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: LONGEVITY -- life expectancy at birth; KNOWLEDGE -- a combination of the adult literacy rate and the combined primary, secondary, and tertiary gross enrolment ratio; STANDARD of LIVING -- GDP per capita (Adjusted for Purchasing Power Parity, PPP, in US$). HDI is a more comprehensive measure of deprivation than income.

  13. HDI versus latitude

  14. Climate variability and Malaria riskin Botswana

  15. Characteristics of global disasters impacts • Preferentially imperil the poorest people • Large total deaths • Large relative to population • Large relative to level of exposure • Mortality risk is gender and age selective • Effect on market economy often minimal

  16. Disaster mortality risk from combined hazards (World Bank Hot Spots: Dilley, Chen, Lerner-Lam et al)

  17. Aggregate Natural Disasters Source UNDP 2004

  18. Very old and young and women are at greatest risk

  19. Females have small survival advantage

  20. Men have a small advantage

  21. Amenabad India

  22. School Algeria 1980

  23. Islamanbad Pakistan 2005

  24. Northridge California

  25. Flod vulnerability W.r.to latitude and HD

  26. Tsunami damage Sri Lanka

  27. Tsunami damage Sri Lanka

  28. Mortality risk is a combination of physical and social Vulnerabilities: fragile dwellings in risky places.

  29. Flood disaster economic losses Flood disaster mortality

  30. Typical levee failures

  31. Outcomes of Social and Physical Vulnerability East Orleans New Orleans Metairie (Lower Ninth Ward) Algiers Jefferson Parish St. Bernards Parish Sources: http://www.katrinadestruction.com/images/v/mapping/Flood+Depth+Estimation.html; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Levee_and_flood_wall_failure_in_New_Orleans_(following_hurricane_Katrina)