Fifth Global Forum on Reinventing Government Mexico City Miklos Marschall Executive Director Transparency International firstname.lastname@example.org November 5, 2003 www.transparency.org
What is corruption? Corruption is the abuse of entrusted power for private gain
Why fight corruption? • Corruption undermines good government. • It fundamentally distorts public policy. • It leads to the misallocation of resources. • It harms the private sector and private sector development. • It particularly hurts the poor.
SUSTAIN- ABLE DEVELOP- MENT RULE OF LAW QUALITY OF LIFE MEDIA OMBUDSMAN PRIVATE SECTOR CIVIL SOCIETY PUBLIC SERVICE AUDITOR GENERAL LEGISLATURE WATCHDOG AGENCIES INTERNATIONAL ACTORS EXECUTIVE JUDICIARY P U B L I C A W A R E N E S S S O C I E T Y’ S V A L U E S The Concept of a National Integrity System N A T I O N A L I N T E G R I T Y
SUSTAIN-ABLE DEVELOP-MENT RULE OF LAW QUALITY OF LIFE N A T I O N A L I N T E G R I T Y SOCIETY L ACTORS SECTOR OMBUDSMAN PUBLIC SERVICE CIVIL AUDITOR GENERAL LEGISLATURE WATCHDOG AGENCIES EXECUTIVE JUDICIARY MEDIA PRIVATE INTERNATION P U B L I C A W A R E N E S S S O C I E T Y’ S V A L U E S The Concept of a National Integrity System
Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) • It ranks countries in terms of the degree to which corruption is perceived to exist among public officials and politicians. • The 2003 CPI ranks 133 countries. • It is a composite index, drawing on 17 different polls and surveys from 13 independent institutions carried out among business people and country analysts, including surveys of residents, both local and expatriate
CPI 2003 Ranking Countries perceived as being least corrupt Countries perceived as being most corrupt
Bribe Payers Index • This survey ranks 21 leading countries in terms of the degree to which their corporations are perceived to be paying bribes abroad. • The BPI is undertaken for TI by Gallup International (GIA) in 15 leading emerging and transition market economies. • It shows that companies from many leading exporting nations are widely seen as using bribes to win business.
BPI 2002 Ranking Country’s companies least likely to pay bribes Country’s companies most likely to pay bribes
Sectors most prone to bribery Source: TI Bribe Payers Index 2002
Global Corruption Barometer • Commissioned from Gallup International by TI with Fredrik Galtung • Measures attitudes towards corruption and expectations of future corruption levels • Over time, it will be able to measure trends in attitudes • Covers 47 countries globally
Global Corruption Barometer - Trends Corruption‘s impact on • personal life • businesss environment • political life
Global Corruption Barometer - Trends Most corrupt sectors/branches as perceived by the public 1. Political parties (29.7%) 2. Courts (13.7%) 3. Police (11.5%)
Optimists and Pessimists The optimists: Columbia, Croatia, Indonesia and Ireland The uncertain: Costa Rica and Nigeria The pessimists: Cameroon, Georgia, India, Israel, Netherlands, Norway, South Africa and Turkey