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Rural Broadband

Rural Broadband

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Rural Broadband

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  1. Rural Broadband Demystifying the Promise Dr. Janet K. Poley President/CEO ADEC

  2. Pew Report – 2/06

  3. Rural Broadband Internet UsePew Internet & Am. Life Project Feb. 2006

  4. Internet Connectivity to Anywhere All Locations AMC4 Satellite Internet 1 and Internet 2 50,000 miles Ground Station Tachyon Central Ground Station--San Diego, CA

  5. Network Map Goes Here

  6. Partnerships at the local level • Ohio College Access • Staff teach and e-guide • Community Technology Centers • Teach and outreach • Local Schools • Teach and outreach • Community Organizations • Outreach and e-guide

  7. Goal: Universal, Affordable Broadband by 2007 What Is It? – Varying Definitions Agreement: A system for carrying digital information faster than dial-up: ADSL, DSL, fiber, satellite, wireless

  8. Rural Broadband Promise:Young and Old • Communication, Information • Education • Economic Development • Medicine and Healthcare • Disaster Recovery-Security • News and Entertainment

  9. Key Sources • ADEC – “Advanced Internet Satellite Extension Program” – NSF Research Project (2000 – present) • National Academy of Sciences • Regional Rural Development Ctrs. • Pew: Internet and American Life • Gov: USDA, GAO • New Millennium Research Council

  10. Key Sources • Measuring Broadband’s Economic Impact – Lehr et al • Rising Above the Gathering Storm: Energizing and Employing America for a Brighter Economic Future – NAS, NAE and Institute of Medicine

  11. Rural Broadband:Accountability Lacking • Complexity – Confusion-Consolidation • Poor data on deployed networks (FCC Form 477) • Changing company names • Fiber there – but dark – not used • Older lines – equipment and MORE

  12. Current Situation: Subscriptions • 17% of rural households –BB – GAO • 24% of rural Americans – BB - Pew • 28% of suburban and 29% urban – BB – GAO • 39% of cities and suburbs – BB – Pew • Satellite deployed everywhere – different model and currently more expensive • DSL – Only 2 – 3 miles from central office • Barriers to entry – Public – Private arguments

  13. Who Can Deploy A Network? • Barriers to entry – Direct and Indirect • Different conditions and requirements for different businesses • Fiber Deployed for Other Use – Lottery Rural Deployment is a “political” and possibly economic issue not technical

  14. Rural Population Needs: • Knowledgable Leadership • Training for Seniors • Relevant Programs/Applications • Access and Reasonable Cost (competition) • Net Neutrality • Local Control

  15. Pew Internet and American Life2006 “The high expense of bringing broadband Internet wiring and equipment to rural, less-populous communities has kept some phone and cable companies from bringing high-speed Internet access to these areas.” More residents buying satellite – 1% (2003) – 5% (2005)

  16. Rural Demographics “….Rural Americans are, on average, older, less educated, and with lower incomes than people living in other parts of the U.S. – all factors associated with lower levels of online use”. (Pew) HOWEVER – Pew and GAO found once people have better connection use is virtually same in rural, urban, suburban

  17. Rural Deployment Deficit • Impacts innovation throughout the entire system – example: distance education designs to lower common denominator – limiting the emergence of potentially higher impact learning materials: simulations, scientific visualization, interaction impacts

  18. Innovation Everywhere Critical “At the beginning of the 21st century the U.S. stands at a crossroads. The only way for this nation to remain a high-wage, high-technology country is to remain at the forefront of innovation. Achieving this goal will require that the nation remain a leader in the scientific and technologic research that contributes so heavily to innovation.” Rising Above the Gathering Storm

  19. Meaningful Education ReformCrisis in Mathematics and Science • Will we leave rural America behind as we improve quality and change institutional structure of schools? • Examples: Use of technology for dual enrollment in high school and college; Advanced Placement, International Baccalaureate courses, global seminars, access to advanced computational and computing resources and instruments

  20. Broadband Matters Growing Up More than 12 million public school students attend schools in communities of 25,000 or less (27%) 8.8 million students attend school in communities of fewer than 2500 (19%) Rural education outcomes most important in Midwest, Northern New England, Central Appalachia, Mid-South Delta and Southeast

  21. State Priority Rankings: Why Rural Matters (2005) Outcome Challenges Mississippi North Carolina New Mexico Arizona Kentucky West Virginia Louisiana Alabama South Carolina Arkansas

  22. Programs Using Broadband Gila River Project: Intel – All Indian Pueblo Council – community wide network in remote region Goal: provide rich learning environment for Native American Students ADEC/NSF AISEP Project Examples: Alabama (workforce development for young adults); After school programs; Libraries and Learning Centers

  23. Broadband Matters:Economic Development Communities with Mass Market Broadband between 1998 and 2002 experienced more rapid growth in 1)employment, 2) the number of businesses overall and 3) IT intensive businesses Conclusion: the assumed (and oft-touted) economic impacts of BB are real and measurable (early results Lehr et al)

  24. Community Networking Examples • Chesterhill ADEC/AISEP – The Ohio State and OARnet Community Networking Posy Place Flower Shop, Library, Ohio Learning Network, Training Courses Featured in New York Times May 3, 2006 The Columbus Dispatch June 16, 2006

  25. Access to and Usage of:Chicken and Egg • Usage and content develop simultaneously • Service becomes more valuable as the quality and variety of content improves; but investment in content depends on usage. • Those who don’t purchase BB “apparently” don’t believe the content justifies price

  26. Growing Old – BB MattersNational Benefits: Litan 2005 • Greater benefits to deployment to older Americans and Americans with disabilities (rural as well as urban) • Less Isolation – Better Well-being • Medical Cost Savings • Less Institutionalization • Earn Income Longer • Chronic Disease Monitoring • Access to Information

  27. Broadband Policies • Most agree that rapid deployment of BB and rapid uptake of BB can be good for individuals, communities and society • Could result in increased labor force participation by seniors and those with disabilities – more remote work – less drain on Medicare and disability payments - Litan

  28. Big Question – How? • Subsidies – yes or no and IF – WHERE • Regulation – Federal, State, Local with what impacts? (poor baseline date to begin with) • Players: Few large cable and telephone could mean slow BB growth in rural areas, higher prices AND lack of innovation and competitiveness

  29. Big Questions • Taxes – small amount of tax seems not to impact uptake – larger amount may (GAO) • What is competition? How do we level the playing field in rural America? How do we prevent blocking behavior by big players who might want to develop later? • How do we get investment in content development?

  30. Strategic Partnerships • Public – private partnerships – what might work • Rural Cooperatives • Local Entrepreneurs • Involvement of universities and consortia