Geography Latitude and Longitude ByNickPignatore
What is Geography? • Geography is the study of physical things and cultural things found on earth. • Geo means “Earth” • Graphy means “to write or describe”
Five Themes of Geography • Location • Place • Movement • Human-Environment Interaction • Regions
Latitude • A set of imaginary lines that circle the earth to help find locations • Lines run from east to west • Lines of latitude are also called parallels • Measured in degrees North and South of the Equator
Longitude • A set of imaginary lines that circle the earth to help find locations • Lines run from north to south • Lines of longitude are also called meridians • Measured in degrees East and West of the Prime Meridian
Special Lines • Equator • Prime Meridian • International Date Line • Tropic of Cancer • Tropic of Capricorn
Location • Absolute Location: Uses latitude and longitude to indicate a specific point on earth. Example: Lincoln, NE is at 45 deg. North, 110 deg. West • Relative Location: Tells where something is in relation to something else. Example: Salt Creek is near Lincoln
If you can trace two lines… • …You can find ANY location on the globe! • Find the absolute location of New York City • What is the relative location of California? • What is at 40N,105W?
Challenge: • Next to Pizza Hut is to Relative Location as Coordinates are to _________? • 45 degrees North is to 45 degrees South as 50 degrees West is to ________? Bonus!! What is this famous landmark and what are its coordinates?
Review • Latitude runs east-west but is measured north-south. • Longitude runs north-south but is measured east-west. • The Equator and Prime Meridian are VITAL reference points. • What is the difference between absolute and relative location?