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MARC for Documents

MARC for Documents

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MARC for Documents

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  1. MARC for Documents Beth Picknally Camden University of Virginia GODORT/ALCTS Preconference June 2004

  2. MARC is an assemblage of formats, publications, procedures, people, standards, systems, equipment, etc., that has evolved over the years stimulating the development of library automation and information networks.Henriette D. Avram

  3. MARC • Machine Readable Cataloging • USMARC + CanMARC + UKMARC => MARC21 • Other flavors: UniMARC • Communications format (raw MARC) vs. display

  4. 02355cam 2200433 a 45 0001001300000003000600013005001700019008004100036010001700077040003500094020001500129037002000144042000800164043001200172050002100184074000900205074001800214074001600232074002000248086005500268049000900323110010900332245037500441260008500816300002900901490002300930500006200953500006001015500003601075504005101111530035301162651008801515610007101603651005801674810006001732856005901792856005801851994001201909‑ocm53368232 ‑OCoLC‑20040623073946.0‑031107s2003 dcu b f001 0 eng c‑ a 2003505693‑ aSENcSTFdSENdDLCdGPOdOCLCQ‑ a0160708702‑ a552-070-30440-1‑ apcc‑ an-us---‑00aKF26b.A655 2003‑ a1033‑ a1033 (online)‑ a1033-A (MF)‑ a1033-A (online)‑0 aY 4.AP 6/2:S.HRG.108-129zY 4.AP 6/2:S.HRG.107-129‑ aVA@@‑1 aUnited States.bCongress.bSenate.bCommittee on Appropriations.bSubcommittee on Military Construction.‑10aMilitary construction appropriations for fiscal year 2004 :bhearings before a subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, United States Senate, One Hundred Eighth Congress, first session on H.R. 2559/S. 1357, an act making appropriations for military construction for the Department of Defense for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2004, and for other purposes.‑ aWashington :bU.S. G.P.O. :bFor sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O.,c2003.‑ aiii, 240, v p. ;c24 cm.‑1 aS. hrg. ;v108-129‑ a"Printed for the use of the Committee on Appropriations."‑ aDistributed to some depository libraries in microfiche.‑ aShipping list no.: 2004-0029-P.‑ aIncludes bibliographical references and index.‑ aAlso available via Internet from the GPO Access web site. Addresses as of 12/8/03: http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=108%5Fsenate%5Fhearings & docid=f:85938.wais (text version), http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=108senatehearings & docid=f:85938.pdf (PDF version); current access available via PURLS.‑ 0aUnited StatesxArmed ForcesxMilitary construction operationsxLaw and legislation.‑10aUnited States.bDept. of DefensexAppropriations and expenditures.‑ 0aUnited StatesxAppropriations and expenditures, 2004.‑1 aUnited States.bCongress.bSenate.tS. hrg. ;v108-129.‑413Text version:uhttp://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS40430‑413PDF version:uhttp://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS40431‑ aC0bVA@‑

  5. MARC terminology • Tag, indicator, delimiter • 24514|a The MARC standard : |b a report • Field, subfield • Fixed and variable fields • Shorthand (1XX)

  6. Why worry about MARC? • Indexing issues • OPAC display issues • Docs. vs. rest of collection • Information gathering/Reports

  7. Numeric no language barrier Mature Methodology for updating Ubiquitous Content standards (AACR) Character based easier to learn Emerging Flexible Multiple standards Tagging standards but not content standards MARC vs. other metadata tagging schemes

  8. Fields for documents (general) • Fixed field: GovPub • Values indicate type of doc (federal,state…) • 074 GPO Item Number • 086 Gov. Doc. Classification no. • 500 Includes shipping list no.

  9. REC_TYPE :a BIB_LVL :m ENC_LVL : DESC :a TYPECTRL : ENTRD :031222 DAT_TP :s DATE1 :2003 DATE2 : CTRY :vau LANG :eng MOD_REC : SOURCE :d ILLUS :ab AUDIENCE : REPR : CONT : GOVTPUB :f CONFPUB :0 FESTSCHR :0 INDX :0 LitF :0 BIOG : 001 tmp97324151 003 OCoLC 005 20031222103629.0 035 (OCoLC)53942267 037 008-021-00167-4|bGPO|c$37.00 040 GPO|cGPO|dMvI 043 n-us-ak 049 VA@D 074 0340 088 NDC-03-P-5 086 0 D 103.8:38/2003 099 D 103.8:38/2003

  10. 245 00 Ports of Southeast Alaska /|cprepared by Navigation Data Center. 250 Rev. 2003. 260 Alexandria, Va. :|bU.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Institute for Water Resources :|bFor sale by the Center ;|aWashington, DC :|bU.S. G.P.O. :|bFor sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S., G.P.O.,|c2003. 300 vi, 165 [1] p. :|bill., maps ;|c28 cm. 490 1 Port series ;|vno. 38 500 "Supersedes a similar report revised in 1995." 500 Shipping list no.: 2004-0045-P. 500 Three folded maps in pocket. 500 Chiefly tables. 500 "NDC-03-P-5"--Cover. 650 0 Harbors|zAlaska. 710 2 Navigation Data Center (U.S.)|?UNAUTHORIZED 710 1 United States.|bGovernment Printing Office. 830 0 Port series (United States. Army. Corps of Engineers) ;|vno. 38.|?UNAUTHORIZED

  11. Electronic resources • 530 Additional form available note • 538 Systems details note • 856 URL

  12. 001 ocm50741535 003 OCoLC 005 20021007124856.0 007 cr cn- 010 2002230685 035 (OCoLC)50741535 037 |bPaper version available from: NRCS Chicago Metro Office, 603 E. Diehl Rd., Suite #131, Naperville, IL 60563-1476 040 GPO|cGPO|dMvI 042 lcd 043 n-us-il 074 0121-G-01 (online) 086 0 A 57.75: 099 A 57.75: 130 0 Conservation and your community (Online) 245 00 Conservation and your community|h[electronic resource]. 260 Champaign, IL :|bUSDA NRCS,

  13. 310 Quarterly 362 1 Electronic coverage as of Sept. 18, 2002: Vol. 4, issue 2 (spring 2000)- 538 System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader. 538 Mode of access: Internet from the NRCS web site. Address as of 9/18/02: http://www.il.nrcs.usda. gov/NRCShome/PAS/nwsletrs.htm; current access is available via PURL. 500 Distributed to depository libraries in paper, ending with v. 3, issue 4 (fall 1999). 500 Description based on: Vol. 4, issue 2 (spring 2000); title from caption (viewed on Sept. 18, 2002). 530 Online version of print version. 550 Issued by: U.S.D.A. Natural Resources Conservation Service, Chicago Metro Urban & Community Assistance Office, <spring 2000>-winter 2001.

  14. 550 Issued by: U.S.D.A. Natural Resources Conservation Service, Chicago Metro Urban & Community Assistance Office, <spring 2000>-winter 2001. 650 0 Conservation of natural resources|zIllinois|zChicago Metropolitan Area|vPeriodicals. 610 10 United States.|bNatural Resources Conservation Service.|bChicago Metro Urban & Community Assistance Office|vPeriodicals.|?UNAUTHORIZED 776 1 |tConservation and your community|w(DLC)sn 97028262|w(OCoLC)36775345 710 1 United States.|bNatural Resources Conservation Service. 710 1 United States.|bNatural Resources Conservation Service.|bChicago Metro Urban & Community Assistance Office.|?UNAUTHORIZED 856 40 |uhttp://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS22289

  15. Serials • Linking fields • 776 Additional Physical Form Entry • 780/785 Earlier/Later titles • 780 Title one • 245 Title two • 785 Title three • 77X-78X Other linking fields

  16. Rec_Type :a Bib_Lvl :s Enc_Lvl : Desc :a TypeCtrl : Entrd :860826 Dat_Tp :c Date1 :1986 Date2 :9999 Ctry :dcu Lang :eng Mod_Rec : Source :d Frequn :m Regulr :r ISDS : Ser_Type :p Phys_Med : Repr : Pub_Type :s Cont : GovtPub :f ConfPub :0 Alphabt : S/L_Ent :0 001 ocm14147148 003 OCoLC 005 19991026153256.0 010 sn 87043171 035 (OCoLC)14147148 040 GPO GPO MvI 042 lcd 043 n-us--- 049 VA@D 050 14 HB235.U6 S86 074 0771-B 086 0 L 2.61/10-2: L 2.38/10:993/11 099 L 2.61/10-2: 245 00 Summary data from the producer price index news release.

  17. 260 Washington, D.C. : U.S. Dept. of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, [1986- 300 v. ; 28 cm. 310 Monthly 362 1 Began with Feb. 1986?. 500 Address: U.S. Dept. of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Washington, D.C. 20212. 500 Issues for Feb. 1986-May 1986 lack title and date. 500 Description based on: June 1986; title from cover. 510 0 American statistics index 0091-1658. 580 Expanded versions also issued monthly under titles: Producer price indexes (Expanded version); and: Producer price indexes (Condensed version). 650 0 Prices--United States--Statistics--Periodicals. 787 1 Producer price indexes (Condensed version) 787 1 Producer price indexes (Expanded version) 0882-5270. 710 1 United States. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

  18. Issues for libraries using aggregator services • Ease of batch loading vs. local holding information • Multiple records vs. one record • “Aggregator neutral” records

  19. Other formats (videos, microforms) • 007 Physical Desc. Fixed Field • 508 Credits (video) • 533 Reproduction note (micro, etc.) • 538 System details (video, elec.)

  20. REC_TYPE :g BIB_LVL :m ENC_LVL : DESC :a TYPECTRL : ENTRD :991005 DAT_TP :s DATE1 :1999 DATE2 : CTRY :dcu LANG :eng MOD_REC : SOURCE :d ILLUS :014 AUDIENCE : REPR : CONT : GOVTPUB :f CONFPUB : FESTSCHR : INDX : LitF :v BIOG :l 001 tmp97158659 003 OCoLC 005 19991005090115.0 007 vf cbaho- 035 (OCoLC)42522723 040 GPO|cGPO|dDLC|dMvI 043 n-us--- 049 VA@D 074 0455-N 088 ORAD 1999-1217 g 086 0 ED 1.83:RI 35/VIDEO 099 ED 1.83:RI 35/VIDEO 245 00 Taking the blue ribbon challenge |h[videorecording].

  21. 260 [Washington, D.C.?] :|bU.S. Dept. of Education, |c1999. 300 1 videocassette (14 min.) :|bsd., col. ;|c1/2 in. 508 Directed by Mustapha Khan ; produced by C. Ralph Adler, Mustapha Khan ; written by C. Ralph Adler ; edited by David Peterson ; director of photography, Marc Kroll. 500 Shipping list no.: 99-0071-E. 538 VHS. 520 An introduction to the Blue Ribbons Schools Program sponsored by the U.S. Department of Education. 500 "ORAD 1999-1217g"--Cassette label. 610 20 Blue Ribbon Schools Program (U.S.) 650 0 School improvement programs|xAwards|zUnited States. 650 0 Public schools|xAwards|zUnited States. 700 1 Khan, Mustapha. 700 1 Adler, C. Ralph. 710 1 United States.|bDept. of Education.

  22. Anglo American Cataloging Rules (AACR ) • AACR is the content standard for MARC • Recent updates • Major/minor changes

  23. Future directions • AACR3 • Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR) • Other metadata formats • METS • MODS

  24. Links • MARC21 http://lcweb.loc.gov/marc/ • Understanding MARC http://lcweb.loc.gov/marc/umb/ • OCLC Biblio. Formats and standards http://www.oclc.org/bibformats/ • Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR) http://www.ifla.org/VII/s13/frbr/frbr.pdf • FRBR & MARC http://www.loc.gov/marc/marc-functional-analysis/frbr.html

  25. More Links • Anglo American Cataloging Rules (AACR) http://www.aacr2.org/ • AACR Joint Steering Committee http://www.collectionscanada.ca/jsc/ • MARC outline http://www.people.virginia.edu/~bp2f/MARC.html • This presentation may be found at: http://www.people.virginia.edu/~bp2f/BPCpresentations.html

  26. One can hardly underestimate the significance of the MARC format. Without this communications format for bibliographic data, we would not have had automated library systems, bibliographic utilities, shared cataloging, resource sharing, and networking as we know them today.Ling-yuh W. (Miko) Pattie