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Understanding Alcohol

Understanding Alcohol

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Understanding Alcohol

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Understanding Alcohol

  2. What is alcohol? • Ethanol (ethyl alcohol): the psychoactive drug in all alcoholic beverages. • Central Nervous System depressant

  3. The Path of Alcohol • Mouth • Stomach • Small Intestine • Heart • Brain • Liver • Kidneys

  4. Blood Alcohol Concentration • The amount of alcohol in a person’s bloodstream. = = 12 oz. Beer 5 oz. Wine 1.5 oz. 80 proofliquor

  5. How fast to we break down alcohol? • .5 oz. per hour • General rule of thumb: one drink per hour

  6. BAC Charts http://www.ou.edu/oupd/bac.htm

  7. Factors that influence BAC • Gender • Men v. Women • Alcohol Dehydrogenase and Body Fat • Weight • Metabolism • Time • Between drinks and cessation • Food content in the stomach

  8. The Effects of Alcohol • In low doses, alcohol produces: • a relaxing effect • reduces tension • lowers inhibitions • impairs concentration • slows reflexes • impairs reaction time • reduces coordination

  9. The Effects of Alcohol • In medium doses, alcohol produces: • slurred speech • cause drowsiness • alter emotions

  10. The Effects of Alcohol • In high doses, alcohol produces: • vomiting • breathing difficulties • unconsciousness • coma

  11. Alcohol Poisoning • SYMPTOMS • Vomiting and nausea • Loss of reflexes; response to stimuli such as pinching • Loss of consciousness; “passed out” • Pulse is weak and rapid • Breathing is unusual or irregular (fewer than 8 breaths per minute) • Skin is cool (possibly damp), pale or bluish • You can not wake the person

  12. Consequences of Alcohol Use/Abuse • Drunk Driving – Traffic Fatalities • Teenage pregnancy • Contributing factor to the top 3 causes of death among teens

  13. Consequences of Alcohol Use/Abuse • Depresses the immune system • Cirrhosis of the liver • Stroke and Brain Damage • Cancer