Chronology from Columbus (1492) to the Plains Indian Wars (1890) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Chronology from Columbus (1492) to the Plains Indian Wars (1890)

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  1. Chronology from Columbus (1492) to the Plains Indian Wars (1890) Timeline Self-Test To use this show, go to view and click “notes page.” Then start slide show. When you want to read more about an answer, end the show and the notes page for that slide will appear. After reading the notes page, use shift-F5 to return to the slide where you left off. Pretty cool! Or, as Aneesh says, “this is sick.” Try to guess the answer Click slowly, think before you click next Try to guess the answer Remember, if it is italicized, know it well; if it is in bold, know it really well

  2. 1492 • Interaction between old and new worlds (smallpox to new; potato to old; etc.)—name this process • Columbian Exchange

  3. 1500s • Powerful Native American force going into decline (generally sided with British against French)—name them • Iroquois Confederation (in what is now state of New York area, generally speaking)

  4. 1607 • First permanent English settlement (look for gold; starve 1609-10; find tobacco)—name the town • Jamestown

  5. French Canada founded (less settled; more trade oriented; Catholic)—name the town Quebec 1608

  6. Spanish settle in southwest (NM)—name the town Santa Fe c. 1609

  7. 1620 • Separatists-Mayflower Compact (agree to obey all “just and equal laws”)—name them • Pilgrims

  8. 1624 • Dutch settle what became New York—name the settlement • New Amsterdam

  9. Boston-Affluent-Congregational-Families-intolerant (Williams, Hutchinson get kicked out)—what do you call this group? Puritans 1630

  10. 1681 • Penn grant from King-protect Quakers (pacifist influence here)—name the colony • Pennsylvania

  11. About 1660 to 1763 • Name the theory (an “ism”): Eng/Britain gets raw materials; colony gets finished goods; keep other nations out of trading loop through answer to next slide • Mercantilism

  12. About 1660 to 1763 • Examples: • 1--Molasses Act 1733 = 6p/gal not to be paid • 2--ships to be owned by British, with mainly British crew and British captain • 3--colonies can’t make finished iron products (iron bars OK) • What do you call this? • Navigation and Trade Acts

  13. 17th, 18th centuries • England (Britain after 1707) is lax in its enforcement of navigation and trade acts; Prime Minister Robert Walpole promoted this idea; the thriving colonies are left relatively unencumbered from royal and parliamentary control, thus fostering a spirit of independence, and, for practical purposes, independence in fact—name this • Salutary (benign) neglect

  14. 1662 • OK to baptize kids of unconverted parents (signals erosion of earlier church power)—name this • Halfway Covenant

  15. 17th Century • Most immigrants to 1670s were indentured for about 7 years—what do you call this? • Indentured Servitude

  16. 1686-1689 • Andros consolidates NE colonies—colonies resent—government collapses—name this government • Dominion of New England

  17. 17th/18th Centuries • South = TRICS (what is TRICS?) • Tobacco, Rice, Indigo, Cotton, Sugar (do Tobacco in the Chesapeake colonies (MD and VA); do rice and indigo in the lower colonies (SC and GA); do cotton across the South after 1793; do sugar in the Southwest (LA) in 1800s

  18. 17th/18th Centuries • Middle colonies (NY, NJ, Penn)= ROB the COW from the Hedgss (what does all this represent)—diverse folks do lots of different kinds of farming—name the people and the crops • Rye, Oats, Barley, Corn, Wheat, Beef, Pork; Huguenots, English, Dutch, Germans, Swedes, Scot-Irish

  19. 17th and 18th Centuries • Northern colonies—who were they and what did they do? • Answer: Merchants, traders, shipbuilding, fishing, finance, slave trade • Remember that there are always small farmers all around the country, so small farms do not help you pull the regions apart, which AP likes you to do

  20. 1624, 1691 • Virginia becomes this in 1624, and Massachusetts becomes this in 1691 • Crown colonies

  21. 1660s onward • VA leads way with 1662 law saying child retains condition of mother—what are we talking about here? • Emergence of slavery as labor system of the South

  22. 17th and 18th Centuries • Role of colonial cities—what was it? • Colonial cities were centers of an essentially agrarian society

  23. 17th, 18th Centuries • Role of women-what was it? • Fully ½ of marriage partnership; raise kids; farm as needed; make candles, soap (remember, this is largely a subsistance farming economy, where a family, including father, mother, and kids all contribute to the welfare of the farm home)

  24. 17th, 18th Centuries • Married woman’s rights—what were they? • Fully subordinate to husband; no property rights in marriage (a little less rigid in the Southern colonies)

  25. Frontier poor in Western Virginia protest Berkeley policies; Gov. Berkeley crushes rebellion-name the event Bacon’s Rebellion 1676

  26. 1680 • Popé successfully leads revolt against Spanish in Santa Fe—name the event • Pueblo revolt

  27. 1739 • 50 South Carolina slaves rebel; crushed; harsher slave codes enacted (no meetings; no read)—name the event • Stono Rebellion

  28. 1689-91 • Leisler overthrows Gov. Andros (Dominion of New England) in New York; he then resists new British govt. under William and Mary; he is hanged—name the event • Leisler’s Rebellion

  29. 18th Century • Independent, tough, anti-king, anti-Anglican, frontier/backwoods people—name the ethnic group—name the people • Scot-Irish

  30. 17th, 18th Centuries • 1-Goods from Europe shipped to Africa; 2-slaves shipped to colonies; 3-rum/raw materials shipped to Europe—what is the name of this trade? • Triangular Trade

  31. 17th and 18th centuries • Congregationalist = North; Quaker, Catholic, Meth, Pres = Middle; Anglican = So.—what is going on here? • Religious diversity

  32. 1st mass movement causes decline in authority of existing church as people convert—name it (first) Great Awakening 1730s-1740s

  33. 18th century • God is nothing but cosmic watchmaker who does not actively intervene in world—name this “ism” • Deism

  34. Free speech case; he is acquitted (not guilty) on libel charge—who is he? John Peter Zenger 1734-35

  35. 1741 • Slaves and poor whites burn New York City—whites are very fearful—name the event • New York Conspiracy Trials

  36. 1754-1763 • War for empire between Britain and France; French lose; Brits need to raise money—name the war • French and Indian War

  37. Ends Fr. and Indian War; Britain gets all to Mississippi (Spain west of Mississippi)—name the treaty Treaty of Paris 1763

  38. 1763-1764 • Acts of Britain to manage empire and pay war debts—what do we call this? • Imperial Reorganization

  39. 1763 • Ottawa Chief leads attacks on British posts and forts in the West—name him • Pontiac

  40. 1763 • Indian threat (Pontiac-1763) causes king to say no settlers beyond Appalachians—what do we call the King’s action? • Proclamation Line

  41. 1764 • Colonists can’t use paper money to pay debts; colonists don’t have gold; big pain—name the act • Currency Act

  42. 1764 • Brit needs money; reduces tariff on foreign molasses from 6p to 3p/gallon = TAX—name the act • Sugar Act • [Recall that the ’33 Molasses Act tariff of 6p/gal was not meant to be paid; the ’64 tariff of 3p/gal was meant to be paid and was therefore a tax.]

  43. 1765 • Direct tax on some colonial paper [colonies = no tax w/o rep; and can’t be rep!!!]—name the act • Stamp Act

  44. 1766 • Stamp Act repealed but this act says Parliament can bind colonies in all cases—name the act • Declaratory Act

  45. 1760s on • Members of Parliament represent all British citizens, even those who can’t vote—what is this called? • Virtual representation

  46. 1767 • Tariffs for revenue on glass, lead, paint, paper, tea [opposed by colonies]—name the act • Townshend Acts

  47. 1773 • Sons of Liberty dressed as Indians toss tea into Boston Harbor—name the event • Boston Tea Party

  48. 1772-1774 • Sam Adams organizes the first; communications fostered among towns, and then among colonies; used to promote opposition to British policies—what do we call these? • Committees of Correspondence

  49. 1774 • Extends Quebec down to Ohio River; colonists resented—name the act • Quebec Act

  50. 1774 • Four acts designed to bring colonies into compliance after tea party—name them • Coercive Acts (add Quebec Act and you have the Intolerable Acts)