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The Russian Alphabet

The Russian Alphabet

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The Russian Alphabet

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  1. The Russian Alphabet Russian 0010 2007-08-30

  2. Outline • Administrative • Handwriting notes • Alphabet • New letters • Review • Handwriting practice • The story of Э́рик

  3. Administrative • New students: handouts • Conversation class • Return homework and quizzes • Quiz results • Homework results • If you have prior Russian language experience … • Alphabet through Tuesday, September 4

  4. Course web site http://clover.slavic.pitt.edu/~russ0010/2081/ (Not Courseweb / Blackboard)

  5. Handwriting Notes • л, м, я begin with a hook http://www.brown.edu/Departments/LRC/RU_writing/index.htm

  6. Group 1 Letters that look and sound more or less like their English counterparts

  7. A а

  8. Е е

  9. З з

  10. К к

  11. М м

  12. О о

  13. С с

  14. Т т

  15. Group 2 Letters that look and sound more or less like their Greek counterparts

  16. Б б

  17. В в

  18. Г г

  19. Д д

  20. Ё ё

  21. Л л

  22. Н н

  23. П п

  24. Р р

  25. У у

  26. Ф ф

  27. Х х

  28. Group 3 Letters without obvious English or Greek counterparts

  29. Ж ж

  30. И и

  31. Й й

  32. Ц ц

  33. Ч ч

  34. Ш ш

  35. Щ щ

  36. Ъ ъ

  37. Ы ы

  38. Ь ь

  39. Э э

  40. Ю ю

  41. Я я

  42. Hard and Soft Consonants, part 1 • Most consonant letters may be pronunced either hard or soft • Soft = pronounce a “y” sound simultaneously with the consonant • та, тя • Hardness or softness is indicated by the letter following the consonant

  43. Hard and Soft Consonants, part 2 • A consonant followed by a soft sign (ь) is soft • мат ‘checkmate’ • мать ‘mother’ • A consonant followed by a soft vowel letter is soft • Hard: э, о, ы, у, а (та) • Soft: е, ё, и, ю, я (тя) • Otherwise a consonant is hard • A few consonants are always hard or always soft, regardless of what follows (more about this next time)

  44. Stress • Almost all Russian words have exactly one stress: ма́́ма • Most Russian words are pronounced the way they are spelled, except that some unstressed vowels change their pronunciation

  45. Vowel “reduction”, part 1 • Textbook, pp. 12–13 • Rule 1:о > а in syllable immediately before stress or at very beginning of word • профе́ссор ‘professor’ • Оклахо́ма ‘Oklahoma’ • Rule 2: о/а > ə (“uh”) in other unstressed syllables

  46. Vowel “reduction”, part 2 • Rule 3, part 1: unstressed е/я > i not at end of word • Петербу́рг ‘Saint Petersburg’ • Rule 3, part 2: unstressed я > yə (“yuh”) at end of word • Япо́ния ‘Japan’

  47. да́ yes

  48. не́т no

  49. па́па papa

  50. ма́ма mama