Windows XP Robert Horan, CCNA, CCAI Erwin Technical Center School District of Hillsborough County - Tampa, Florida ITE1 - Module 7 Part 1 of 2 - Versions, Installation & Upgrades
The New Technology File System (NTFS) is used with the Windows XP, 2000, and NT operating systems. The main reason for creating the NTFS file system is that the FAT file system is too limited to provide advanced features. The NTFS file system provides added features like file and directory security and system access control. NTFS allows an administrator to set permissions on files and folders to specify which users have access to them and the level of access that is permitted. The original version of NTFS that was released with Windows NT is now referred to as NTFS 4. Windows XP and 2000 use NTFS 5. In addition to NTFS, Windows XP and 2000 support the FAT16 and FAT32 file systems. New Technology File System (NTFS)
Windows XP Series • Home Edition • Professional • Media Center Edition • Tablet PC Edition • Professional 64-bit
*Improved software and hardware compatibility *Simplified security such as Simple File Sharing versus Windows 2000 Sharing, *New log-on screen *Fast user switching *Enhanced multimedia support, and DirectX 8.1 multimedia libraries for gaming. *By default, each user in XP Home Edition is automatically assigned to the Owners local group. This is the Windows XP equivalent of the Windows 2000 Administrator account. Anyone who logs on to a Home Edition machine will have full control of the operating system. However, it does include a Restricted Users group, which grants limited access for the selected users. Windows XP Series • Home Edition XP Home Edition is intended for inexperienced users who do not need to connect to corporate networks and do not require the extra security options that Windows XP Professional contains. The Home Edition includes many enhancements and features.
The kernel of Windows XP Home Edition and Windows XP Professional operating systems are identical. The file and folder management, web browser, and most of the system management tools and troubleshooting tools are also the same. XP Professional also includes support for high-performance hardware, such as a dual-processor motherboard. Windows XP Professional contains several features that are not included in Windows XP Home Edition. • The Remote Desktop feature allows mobile users to remotely access their corporate desktop. • System administrators now have the ability to remotely administer clients on a network. Windows XP Series • Professional Edition The XP Professional operating system includes everything that the Home Edition provides, plus all the networking and security components that are required to join a Windows NT, 2000, or XP domain in a corporate network.
Windows XP Professional includes the Internet Information Services (IIS) Web server software not found in the Home Edition. IIS for XP Professional is designed for users developing a Web service, for home, or for office use. IIS Professional can only service 10 client connections and does not have all the features or power of the server versions. Professional Edition also includes a change and configuration management tool known as IntelliMirror. IntelliMirror uses policy-based Change and Configuration Management to enable user data, software, and settings to follow them throughout a distributed computing environment. Windows XP Series Professional Edition Windows XP Professional provides added operating system management features. Automated System Recovery (ASR) aids in system recovery from a catastrophic error that might render the system unbootable. Windows XP Professional supports both basic and dynamic disks. The Home Edition supports only the basic disk type.
The Professional Edition can be used to logon to an Active Directory domain. Group Policy for domain users can also be supported. Roaming profiles – With Windows XP Professional, users have the ability to log on to any computer on the network and automatically receive their customized settings. The user profile is stored in a shared network folder. When the user logs onto a machine, the information in the folder is copied over to the hard disk of the machine being used. When the user logs off, the profile information is copied back to shared network folder. Windows XP Series Professional Edition Corporate deployment – Windows XP Professional is designed for use in corporate networks, and contains support for multiple languages. XP professional also provides Sysprep support, which is used to install the operating system on multiple machines in a large or corporate network.
Windows XP Series Professional Edition Windows XP Professional contains additional security features. Unlike XP Home edition, only the Administrator or users given administrator privileges will have full control of the operating system. The Default Groups for XP Professional are shown below. The Backup Operators, Power Users, or Replicator groups do not exist in Windows XP Home Edition. The Home Edition has the Owners Local Group, with administrator privileges and a Restricted Users Group, which grants limited access to the operating system for the selected users.
* The user interface for IP Security. Internet Protocol Security (IPSec) ensures private, secure communications over Internet Protocol (IP) networks, through cryptographic security services. * Network Monitor -You can obtain information about an active connection. • *Simple TCP/IP Services provides support for optional TCP/IP protocol services needed to communicate with other systems that require these protocol services. • *Support for Novell NetWare - IPX/SPX • Client Service for NetWare, allows you to access file and print resources on NetWare servers. Note: Due to its dependency on the IPX/SPX protocol, Client Service for NetWare is not available on Windows XP 64-Bit Edition. • Service Advertising Protocol (SAP Agent) Used by NetWare networks to advertise file and print services. Windows XP Series Professional Edition XP Professional provides added networking features that are needed when deploying the operating system in a large corporate network. These include: * Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) provides a method of managing network hosts such as workstation or server computers, routers, bridges, and hubs from a centrally located computer running network management software. SNMP can be used to Configure remote devices, Monitor network performance, Detect network faults or inappropriate access, and Audit network usage.
The Media Center Edition provides users with the ability to watch live television, record TV programs, listen to digital music, view slideshows and picture albums, and play DVDs all from one location. • Media Center is a packaged hardware and software system built on the XP Professional platform. It is available only on Media Center personal computers. Some hardware that may make up an XP Media Center computer include: • Advanced graphics card • TV tuner to capture a cable, antenna or satellite signal and display it on the monitor • Hardware encoder to record the captured TV signal to the computers hard disk • Digital audio output that allows the digital audio of the PC to integrate into the existing home entertainment system. • A Media Center remote control that communicates with the computer. Windows XP Series • Media Center Edition Note: Media Center PCs running Windows XP Media Center Edition 2004 are available only from Microsoft PC manufacturer partners.
Use the Tablet PC Input Panel to enter text into any application by using your own handwriting. You can use the digital pen to write directly on the screen and control your computer just as you would with a mouse. The Input Panel converts handwriting to text dynamically, so you can make corrections quickly. The Tablet PC comes in two basic forms: the convertible model with an integrated keyboard, and the ultra-slim slate model. Docking solutions convert a Tablet PC to a primary desktop computer, with access to a full-size monitor, keyboard, speakers, and other peripheral devices. Based on the Windows XP Professional operating system, the Tablet PC can run any Windows XP–compatible program. Windows XP Series • Tablet PC Edition Microsoft Windows XP Tablet PC Edition 2005 software is available as a free download for new and existing Tablet PC users. Tablet PC’s areavailable from Microsoft PC manufacturer partners.
The 64-bit Edition system is built around an Intel Itanium 64-bit processor used in conjunction with a 64-bit version of Windows XP Professional. This 64-Bit Edition also takes advantage of increased floating-point performance. The 64-bit Edition currently supports up to 16 GB of RAM. One terabyte of system cache and a 512 terabyte page file will also be supported as hardware and memory capabilities increase to 16 terabytes of virtual memory. • Minimum system requirements for the XP 64-bit Edition include: • A 64-bit motherboard and chip set • 733mhz Itanium 64-bit processor • 1GB of RAM Windows XP Series • Professional x64 Edition XP Professional x64 is Microsoft’s first 64-bit operating system. This operating system is designed to accommodate specialized, technical applications. For example, digital content creators including digital artists, 3D animators, gaming developers, and engineers.
XP Hardware Requirements Minimum system requirements for Windows XP Professional Computer/Processor: 233 MHz or higher Pentium-compatible CPU. Memory: At least 64 megabytes (MB) of RAM; with 128 MB recommended. Hard Disk: At least 1.5 GB of available hard disk space. Drive: CD-ROM or DVD drive. Display: Super VGA adapter and monitor with800 x 600 resolution or higher. Keyboard: Required. Mouse: Microsoft Mouse or compatible pointing device. Sound card: Speakers or headphones. CPU Support: Windows XP Professional supports single and dual CPU systems.
Update the BIOS Before installing Windows XP you should check the version of your system BIOS. If the BIOS is outdated it can cause problems with the disk partitioning, power management, peripheral configuration, other crucial low level functions and new features might not be supported. Identify the BIOS manufacture and see if an update is available. Generally speaking, if there is a newer version you should update the BIOS before installing any new operating system.
Check for Hardware and Software Compatibility Check the Hardware Compatibility List (HCL) on the installation CD-ROM (HCL.TXT) file in the Support folder. For the most current information go to www.microsoft.com/whdc/hcl You can search for a particular device or view the entire HCL. Use the Compatibility tool or the Upgrade Advisor to make sure that the system, devices, and software are going to work with Windows XP. The Upgrade Advisor is a tool that checks your system hardware and software to see if it is ready for upgrade to Windows XP.
Check for Hardware and Software Compatibility To automatically start the Upgrade Advisor just insert the XP Installation CD and the auto-run feature should start up the Setup Welcome window where you select Check system compatibility.
Check for Hardware and Software Compatibility The manual way to start the Upgrade Advisor is to insert the XP Installation CD and from the Run line type the following: E:\ i386\WINNT32 /checkupgradeonly (Where E: is your CD) Either method will execute the same program which will produce a report named upgrade.txt. It will tell you if there are any compatibility issues.
Check for Hardware and Software Compatibility If you run Upgrade Advisor while you are connected to the Internet, and if your system needs updates that are available on the Windows Update Web site, Upgrade Advisor will find and install the updates for you.
Check for Hardware and Software Compatibility The Advisor will list items that are not compatible. Click on the Details Box to get additional information about the item.
Check for Hardware and Software Compatibility The Upgrade Advisor will produce a report named upgrade.txt. And place it in the C:\Winnt folder of the 2000 client machine (C:\Windows in 9x). It will give a complete listing of any compatibility issues.
The Files and Settings Transfer Wizard Several options enable saved files and settings to be restored on Windows XP Home Edition or Professional Edition: • A direct connection with a serial cable can be made between two computers. • The computers can be connected over a network. • Files can be compressed and saved to removable media, such as a floppy disk, Zip disk, or CD-RW. • A removable drive or network drive can be used to transfer data. Another important feature for Windows XP is the User State Migration Tool (USMT). It is similar to the Files and Settings Transfer Wizard. The USMT is used by IT administrators who are performing large deployments of XP Professional in a corporate environment. The Files and Settings Transfer Wizard allows the user to migrate settings and files from an old computer to a new computer. The user can save settings from any 32-bit version of Windows.
Eligibility for In-place Upgrade to XP Previous Version Windows XP Windows XP Home Edition Professional Windows 3.1NO NO Any Evaluation VersionNO NO Any Server VersionNO NO Windows 95NO NO Windows 98/Windows 98 SEYESYES Windows MeYESYES Windows NT Workstation 3.51 NO NO Windows NT Workstation 4.0NOYES Windows 2000 ProfessionalNOYES Windows XP Home Edition YES
Three Types of Installations Upgrading an existing version – will convert Windows 98, 98-SE, or Me into Windows XP Home or Professional Edition. Windows NT Workstation 4.0 with Service Pack 6, or Windows 2000 Professional can be upgraded to Windows XP Professional. Windows XP will not upgrade from Windows 3.1 or 95. Clean install – sets up a fresh copy of Windows XP. This new copy will completely replace any previous versions of Windows installed on the computer. For Windows 3.1 or 95 a clean install must be preformed since they are not supported for for an upgrade. Dual boot installation – A new version of Windows is installed on a new partition separate from the current version. When the installation is complete, the user will be able to choose the operating system from which to boot.
Upgrading to Windows XP • Before you begin an upgrade, prepare the system: • Scan the hard drive for viruses using current version of antivirus software. • Back up important files. • Clean up the hard drive, run Disk Defragmenter and ScanDisk (9x) or Chkdsk (2K). • If possible upgrade or flash the BIOS for your motherboard with the latest version. • If you have a compressed hard drive, uncompress the drive. If you are using an NTFS drive with Windows NT file compression you don’t need to uncompress it. • Remove any hardware and software that is not compatible with Windows XP. • If you are upgrading hardware or software and the upgrades are compatible with the currently installed OS, perform the upgrades and verify that they are working. • If the computer to be upgraded is running Windows 98 and is a member of a domain create a computer account in that domain. A Windows 98 client does not require a computer account to be a member of a domain, but Windows XP/2000 clients do.
Upgrading to Windows XP For an upgrade from Windows 98 or Windows ME to Windows XP, the setup program tries to convert whatever registry information it can to Windows XP. At the end of the installation process, you are given the opportunity to join a domain. For Windows NT and Windows 2000 upgrades, almost every registry entry is carried forward into the new OS. The information about a domain is not requested because it is copied from the current OS into Windows XP. Note: Windows XP has an uninstall utility that allows you to revert back to Windows 98 if necessary. The uninstall tool will not work if you convert FAT to NTFS.
Partitioning and Formatting As in Windows 2000, the FDISK partitioning utility is not needed.Windows XP Setup provides the partitioning and formatting functions needed to prepare a hard drive for the OS installation. You can use an unformatted, unpartitioned hard drive during installation. Partitions can be created, deleted and formatted in the Setup program.
The Four Main Steps in the Windows XP Installation Process 1. File Copy This step copies the Windows Setup files to a folder on the partition where they can run when the system is restarted. If the system is booted from a CD, the Setup skips this step and copies files directly from the CD. 2. Text Mode Setup During a clean installation, the user selects the partition where the Windows XP system files will be installed. The partition can be created and formatted in this step. 3. GUI Mode Setup Windows Setup uses a graphical wizard to guide the user through the regional settings, product key, computer name, and administrator password. 4. Windows Welcome As the last portion of the Setup process, the user has the option to create user accounts and activate Windows before using it for the first time.
Installing Windows XP To install Windows XP, you need to run the appropriate Windows XP Setup program, either XP.exe or Winnt32.exe. XP.exe and Winnt32.exe are both referred to as "Setup." The type of setup that you need to run is determined as follows: * For a clean installation or upgrade from Windows NT 4, 2000 or XP Home Edition run D:\i386\winnt32 (where D: is your CD) * For a clean installation or upgrade from Windows 98, 98-SE or Windows ME, run XP.exe from within the current OS. Note: Windows 95 is not upgradeable to Windows XP.
Installing Windows XP The Windows XP Professional CD Startup Screen
Installing Windows XP Checking Hardware Configuration
Installing Windows XP Setup File CopyStep
Installing Windows XP The Windows XP Professional Setup Screen
Installing Windows XP The Windows XP License Agreement End User License Agreement (EULA) – Press F8 to agree.
Installing Windows XP The Hard Drive Partitioning Screen. - Text Mode Setup
Installing Windows XP Creating a New Partition
Installing Windows XP Select the Partition to Install the Operating System on.
Installing Windows XP The Formatting Screen – Choose either NTFS or FAT. FAT Partitions that are over 2GB will automatically be formatted as FAT32. Smaller partitions are formatted as FAT16.
Installing Windows XP Setup formats the partition.
Installing Windows XP Setup extracts and copies the installation files to complete the preparation phase.
Installing Windows XP To complete the installation preparation phase Setup restarts the computer.
Installing Windows XP Setup starts the Installation. - GUI Mode Setup
Installing Windows XP Setup Installs the Hardware Devices.
Installing Windows XP The Regional Settings Screen – This is for Language and Keyboard settings.
Installing Windows XP Enter your name and company information.
Installing Windows XP Enter the 25 character product key.
Installing Windows XP Enter the Computer Name and Administrator Password. Passwords are limited to 127 characters with NTFS. Note: To make a password more secure, mix upper and lower case letters, add numbers and special characters, and do not use words found in the dictionary.
Installing Windows XP Enter the correct date, time and time zone.
Installing Windows XP Network component installation.
Installing Windows XP Network setup – Choose Typical settings to have Windows automatically install the basic components you will need for file sharing, local area networking and internet access.