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MEDICATION ADMINISTRATION PowerPoint Presentation
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MEDICATION ADMINISTRATION

MEDICATION ADMINISTRATION

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MEDICATION ADMINISTRATION

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  1. MEDICATION ADMINISTRATION

  2. ORAL MEDICATIONS • Most common route • Convenient • Most meds available in this form • Least expensive • Easy to counteract overdose or toxicity

  3. DIFFERENT FORMS • Capsules • Tablets • Elixirs • Emulsions • Lozenges • Suspensions • Syrups

  4. NASOGASTRIC ADMINISTRATION • For patients who cannot swallow • NG or Peg tubes • Similar to oral administration

  5. RECTAL ADMINISTRATION • For patients who are extremely nauseated or cannot take oral medications • Unpredictable absorption • Not all medications are available in this form • Not retained if patient has diarrhea • Same procedure for vaginal medications

  6. PERCUTANEOUS MEDICATIONS • Absorption is unpredictable • Area size • Concentration of medication • Length of contact with skin • Condition of the skin • Breakdown • Thickness • Nutrition and hydration

  7. METHODS OF ADMINISTRATION • Solutions for eyes, ears, nose, vagina • Topical creams lotions ointments or powders • Inhalants

  8. PARENTERAL MEDICATIONS • Intradermal • Subcutaneous • Intramuscular • Intravenous

  9. EQUIPMENT • Syringes • Tip • Barrel • Plunger • Needles • Hub • Shaft • Bevel

  10. MEDICATION FORMS • Vials • Ampules • Mix o vials • Prefilled tubes

  11. ADMINISTRATION • Intradermal • Subcutaneous • Intramuscular • Intravenous