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OCHA

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OCHA

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  1. September 2001 OCHA Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, Geneva

  2. What did we do in 2001? • 23 offices worldwide • India, Pakistan, El Salvador, China, Peru • Afghanistan, Mongolia • Mozambique, Bolivia, Angolia, Ukraine • Ecuador/Galapagos Islands

  3. Outline of key points • Where do we see our role in the system • Organization of UN OCHA • OCHA’s tools to respond to disasters • Infromation exchange tools used at OCHA • Duty System

  4. UNICEF WHO/PAHO FAO RED CROSS UNITED NATIONS RESIDENT COORDINATOR NGOs WFP UNDP OCHA DONORS

  5. NGOs FAO UNICEF RED CROSS UNDP OCHA UNITED NATIONS RESIDENT COORDINATOR WFP WHO/PAHO DONORS

  6. OCHA FAO UNICEF RED CROSS UNDP WHO/PAHO NGOs DONORS UNITED NATIONS RESIDENT COORDINATOR WFP

  7. HEADQUARTERS LEVEL OCHA UNICEF FAO RED CROSS UNDP WHO/PAHO NGOs DONORS WFP

  8. FIELD-LEVEL UNITED NATIONS RESIDENT COORDINATOR UNICEF OCHA NGOs UNDP WFP RED CROSS WHO/PAHO FAO DONORS

  9. OCHA Mission Statement • “ To mobilize and coordinate the collective efforts of the international community, in particular those of the UN system, to meet in a coherent and timely manner the needs of those exposed to human suffering and material destruction in disasters and emergencies. This involves reducing vulnerability, promoting solutions to root causes and facilitating the smooth transition from relief to rehabilitation and development.”

  10. The mission statement: OCHA’s mission is to mobilise and coordinate effective andprincipled humanitarian action in partnership withnational and international actors in order to: • Alleviate human suffering in disasters and emergencies; • Advocate for the rights of people in need; • Promote preparedness and prevention; • Facilitate sustainable solutions.

  11. POLICY DEVELOPMENT AND STUDIES ADVOCCY, EXTERNAL RELATIONS INFORMATION MANAGEMENT HUMANITARIAN EMERGENCY RESPONSE COORDINATION APPEALS AND DONOR RELATION EMERGENCY SERVICES • Coordination • Protection • Lessons Learned and Studies • Natural Disaster and Response Preparedness • Government Relations • Media Relations • NGO Relations • Public Affairs • Infromation Technology • Information Analysis • ReliefWeb • IRIN • Regional Desks • Africa I & II • Asia/Pacific • Americas • Europe • Central Asia • Middle East • Consolitated Appeals Process • Resource Mobilisation • Financial Tracking • Donor Focal Point • Field Coordinatio Support • Military Civil Defence and Logistics Support • Environmen-tal Response Executive Management ERC USG IASC/ECHA SECRETARIAT DIRECTOR OCHA NEW YORK AERC DIRECTOR OCHA GVA EXECUTIVE OFFICE ADMINISTRA-TIVE OFFICE DERC DEPUTY TO THE USG DEPUTY DIRECTOR OCHA GVA

  12. ERC IASC/ECHA SECRETARIAT DERC IASC SECRETARIAT IDP Network DIRECTOR OCHA NEW YORK EXECUTIVE OFFICE AERC DIRECTOR OCHA GVA Advocacy and External Relations Section DEPUTY DIRECTOR OCHA GVA Policy Development Section2 ADVOCCY, EXTERNAL RELATIONS AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT BRANCH POLICY DEVELOPMENT AND STUDIES BRANCH HUMANITARIAN EMERGENCY BRANCH ADMINISTRA-TIVE OFFICE RESPONSE COORDINATION BRANCH EMERGENCY SERVICES BRANCH OCHA Organigramme NEW YORK GENEVA

  13. POLICY DEVELOPMENT AND STUDIES BRANCH HUMANITARIAN EMERGENCY BRANCH ADVOCCY, EXTERNAL RELATIONS AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT BRANCH Protection Section Europe, Central Asia and the Americas Section Advocacy and External Relation Section Infromation Management Section IRIN Humanitarian Coordination Section Asia, Middle East and the Pacific Section Government and NGO Relations Unit Infromation Technology Unit Reporting and Field Liason Africa I Section Advocacy and Public Affairs Unit Information Analysis Unit Lessons Learned and Studies Section Africa II Section ReliefWeb NY

  14. Policy Development2 Section ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICE RESPONSE COORDINATION BRANCH EMERGENCY SERVICES BRANCH IASC SECRETARIAT Advocacy and External Relations Section1 IDP Network Finance Section Appeals and Donor Relations Section Africa I and Middle East Section Field Coordination Support Section Human Resources Section Africa II Section Asia and the Pacific Section Information Management Section3 OCHA/UNEP Environmental Section Military, Civil Defence and Logistics Section Emergency Telecomm Project Europe and Central Asia Section Americas and the Carribean Section Military Civil Defence Unit Logistics Support Unit GVA • Works with AERS in NY • Works with PDSB in NY • Works with IM/IT/ReliefWeb in NY

  15. GVA RESPONSE COORDINATION BRANCH Appeals and Donor Relations Section Africa I and Middle East Section Africa II Section Europe and Central Asia Section Americas and the Carribean Section Asia and the Pacific Section DRC Angola Burundi Rwanda ROC Botswana Madagascar Mozambique Zimbabwe Comoros Island Iran Iraq Southern Lebanon Jordan Palestine Sudan Somalia Ethiopia Eritrea Sierra Leone Kenya Uganda Djibouti Liberia Guinea Cote d’ Ivoire Central African Republic Cameron Balkan & South East Europe Russian Federation Southern Caucasus Tajikistan Central Asia Other European/CIS countries Bangladesh Bhutan India Pakistan Nepal China Mongolia Cambodia Vietnam DPRK East Timor Indonesia Papaua New Guinea (PNG) Vanuatu Fiji Colombia Equador Mexico Belize El Salvador Guatemala Honduras Nicaragua Argentina Bolivia Chile Brazil Peru Uruguay Venezuela

  16. Key Responsibilities of RCB • Advising the field in: • Strengthening coordination mechanisms • Ensuring effective delivery of humanitarian assistance • Disaster response preparedness • Development of Common Humanitarian Action Plan (CHAP) • Advising the Emergency Relief Coordinator (ERC) in response to new disasters/emergencies

  17. Key Responsibilities of RCB (cont’) • Promoting better use of coordination instruments • Assessment and planning of humanitarian needs • Deploy to the field as part of the surge capacity • Maintain watching briefs on countries/regions of concern

  18. GVA EMERGENCY SERVICES BRANCH Military, Civil Defence and Logistics Support Section OCHA/UNEP Environmental Section Information Management Section3 Field Coordination Support Section Emergency Telecomm Project Logistics Support Unit Military Civil Defence Unit Key Responsibilities of ESB • Secretariat for numerous mechanisms • UNDAC and UN-CIMIC Training • Surge capacity • Information management

  19. RESPONSE TO NATURAL DISASTERS OCHA Tools

  20. SITUATION REPORTS  Areas affected  People affected  National response  Needs for outside assistance  International response

  21. APPEALS  Governmental Request for International Assistance  Quantification  Channels of Distribution

  22. EMERGENCY GRANTS  Maximum amount of US$ 50,000  Local purchase of relief supplies  Small repair of homes / schools  Transport of Relief Supplies

  23. CHANNELLING OF FUNDS • Reported or channeled • OCHA in comparison with other agencies

  24. UNDAC UNITED NATIONS DISASTER ASSESSMENT AND COORDINATION TEAM Rapid cross-sectoral assessment  Information management  Support to United Nations disaster management team

  25. OSOCC On-Site Operation Coordination Center + Support Package  Link between national authorities and international search and rescue teams  Information managment

  26. MCDA Military and Civil Defense Assets  Transport capacity  Airport ground handling  Field hospitals  Shelters  Team for analysis of contaminated water

  27. Assistance environmental emergencies  On-Site Assessment of needs for immediate response  Mobilization of international technical expertise  Collection/ Dissemination of critical environmental information  Access to guidelines on assessment as well as on contingency and emergency response planning

  28. UNEP-OCHA Integration • A powerful connection exists between environmental emergencies and natural disasters, particularly within the context of humanitarian assistance. • In recognition of this, the Joint UNEP/OCHA Environment Unit was established as an integral part of DRB in 1993 following a Governmental Decision • The role of the Joint Unit is to mobilise and coordinate assistance in response to environmental emergencies and natural disasters with environmental consequences. Examples of recent interventions: • Indonesian Forest Fires • Cyanide Spill affecting Romania, Hungary & Yugoslavia • Galapagos Islands Oil Spill

  29. Partnership brings results • Effectively combines OCHA’s disaster response mechanisms and UNEP’s environmental expertise. • A value-added service provided to Governments and in support of OCHA Desks and Units. • This is carried out by: • Permanent monitoring of emergencies • prompt notification of the international community • brokerage of bilateral assistance • swift mobilization of multilateral assistance and the • deployment of experts for emergency assessments • The Unit receives important guidance and feedback on its activities from an international Advisory Group on Environmental Emergencies (AGEE).

  30. Future Initiatives • Expanded list of National Focal Points to ensure a comprehensive international response network. • UNEP participation in UNDAC Mechanism • Case studies to identify environmental emergency trends. • Strategic issue: relationships between climate change and humanitarian issues.

  31. FCSS Functions 1. United Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination (UNDAC) team 2. Secretariat for the International Search and Rescue Advisory Group (INSARAG) 3. Secretariat for the International Emergency Response Consultative Mechanism (IERCM) 4. Tasked to create OCHA Surge Capacity

  32. The UNDAC Team • Regional Teams in Europe, Latin America, Pacific Region, Caribbean (to be created in 2001) • System components include • experienced emergency managers • equipment • team deployment procedures • training and methodology • Support Modules (from 5 member states) • UNDAC Review currently ongoing; led by DFID/UK (report should be out 7 May 01)

  33. INSARAG • FCSU is INSARAG Secretariat • Three Regional Groups • Asia/Pacific, Africa/Europe, Americas • Activities: • Coordination of SAR deployment and field operations (OSOCC) • Virtual OSOCC • INSARAG Guidelines • Seminars and regional exercises • Proposed urban SAR Convention

  34. IERCM • Network of practitioners from organizations responsible for disaster response and preparedness • Provides a platform to exchange experience on lessons learned and best practices • Aims at improving information flow between disaster response networks (such as INSARAG, NATO/PfP, MCDA, a.o.)

  35. OCHA Surge Capacity • Currently a notional capacity • Primarily for complex emergency response • Components: • procedures for rapid deployment of OCHA staff from NY/GVA/Field • Deployment of additional staff from resource providers • Equipment • Funding

  36. MCDU Intensity Military and Civil Defense Assets International Response National Response Reconstruction Time

  37. DPR 213/3 MCDA OSLO GUIDELINES • General Principles: • Complementarity • Provided in response to request • Provided at no cost to receiving state • Unarmed, but in national uniforms • Predefined legal status

  38. for the immediate delivery (by air, sea or road) of relief goods to affected areas Arranges: focal point for potential suppliers Acts as: with partners involved in procurement, transport and/or stockpiling (e.g. WFP, DPKO, UNOG/PTS, IAPSO, etc.) Liaises: Contingency planning/measures for specific, regional ad-hoc transport operations Ensures: ESB/LTU:(Logistics and Transport Unit) Procures: emergency relief goods for the OCHA Brindisi stocks or other urgent needs

  39. ESB/LTU:(Logistics and Transport Unit) UNHRD • THE OCHA BRINDISI STOCKS: • (from Sept. 2000): • The UNHRD includes WFP (management), OCHA and WHO stocks • OCHA = stock of basic relief items (non-food, non-medical) • 20 types of items • 3 main donors (Italy, Norway, Luxembourg)

  40. The Duty System • Operational 24 hours/day, 365 days/year • Coordination Centre • Emergency Telephone no.: (+41-22) 917 20 10

  41. The Desks Alert and Mobilize the International Community Situation reports sent by fax to more than 600 addressees

  42. Infromation exchange tools

  43. Infromation exchange tools

  44. Summary • OCHA is an office in the UN Secretariat • New York and Geneva Presence • The RCB builds the core of OCHA’s response system (sudden) • The HEB builds the core of OCHA’s response system (long term) • 24/7 days a week readiness system