GSC-13 Ground-Based Air Traffic Management Equipment and Air-to-Ground Communications Submission Date:July 16, 2008
Air Traffic Management (ATM) • Following the GSC-12 meeting in Kobe, and the suggestion by ETSI that the Participating Standards Organizations (PSOs) investigate whether there are areas for cooperation and/or collaboration relating to standardization for cockpit communications for Air Traffic Management Equipment (ATM-E), TIA contacted the FAA, individuals active with ARINC and TIA members involved with this equipment. • Our conclusions are that in the USA this area is already being handled by ARINC and the FAA, and we do not see a need for TIA involvement at this time in ATM-E standardization.
Air-to-Ground (1) With respect to PASSENGER communications, TIA is participating via 3GPP2 with other Organization Partners and interested members in Air-to-Ground (ATG) standards work. • A New Work item was initiated in 3GPP2 in 4Q2007 • The Item supports cdma2000® enhancements for Air-to-Ground Communications using US FCC approved spectrum • 849 to 850.5 MHz with center at 849.75 MHz for the forward link • 894 to 895.5 MHz with center at 894.75 MHz for the reverse link
Air-to-Ground (2) • C.S0057-C, Band Class specification for cdma2000® Spread Spectrum systems, added band class support for the air-to-ground (airborne terminal and ground base stations) system operations • Published in 1Q2008 • Applications include email access, Internet access, VPN, etc.
Air-to-Ground (3) • According to TIA and 3GPP2 Member Aircell: • “Over 65% of business travelers and one third of all leisure travelers in the United States carry laptops onboard when they fly. What’s more, 30% carry Wi-Fi enabled phones and PDAs. In fact, passengers want to pay for true, reliable in-flight Internet. A 2007 research study indicates that Internet access is the number one in-flight service request by airline travelers, followed closely by video on demand.” http://www.aircell.com/index.php?Itemid=317&id=13&option=com_content&task=view • American Airlines has announced tests of Aircell’s GoGo Wi-Fi service • “American Airlines is planning to open up the worldwide Web to passengers on board an unspecified round-trip flight from New York's John F. Kennedy International Airport and Los Angeles. The GoGo service, provided via Aircell, will be free for patrons tomorrow, but will eventually run users $12.95 for flights greater than three hours and $9.95 for trips under said threshold. We're also told that more trials are expected to get going on flights between New York and San Francisco and New York and Miami, though no time frame is given for when the service would escape the beta stage and hit mass implementation. Additionally, the GoGo system is supposed to "prioritize the flow of data so that passengers downloading movies or large documents won't prevent other passengers from getting their email.”” http://www.engadget.com/2008/06/24/american-airlines-to-test-in-flight-wifi-tomorrow
Air-to-Ground (4) • Also see: http://gr8tfate.blogspot.com/2008/04/internet-on-plane-thanks-to-aircell.html • And: http://www.engadget.com/2008/06/19/video-mossberg-reviews-likes-aircells-gogo-in-flight-wifi/ • Aircell’s service is based on cdma2000® technology and IEEE 802.11 standards
Strategic Direction • Complete 3GPP2 and TIA standards work items regarding use of approved FCC cellular spectrum for ATG transport.
Challenges • HANG UP ACT • “Reps. Peter DeFazio (D-OR), Jerry Costello (D-IL) John Duncan (R-TN) and Thomas Petri (WI-06) all senior members of the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, and Chairman of the Committee, Rep. Oberstar, introduced legislation that will ban the use of cell phones on in-flight planes. The European Union recently announced that it will allow people to talk on their cell phones while a plane is in-flight on all commercial airlines. Additionally, U.S. airlines are already experimenting with in-flight Internet access. In-flight voice communication poses a potential revenue source for airlines both because they could charge passengers to sit in a non-talking section and charge people to use their phones. H.R. 5788, the HANG UP Act, Halting Airplane Noise to Give Us Peace Act, would insure that voice communication does not happen on U.S. flights.” http://www.defazio.house.gov/index.php?option=content&task=view&id=380 • The legislation only prohibits voice communications in-flight but passengers would still be able to access the Internet, e-mail and send text messages as these technologies become available on airplanes.