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The Gender Gap in Turkey Meltem Kurtsan OECD Istanbul World Forum - Measuring and Fostering the Progress of Societies 28 PowerPoint Presentation
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The Gender Gap in Turkey Meltem Kurtsan OECD Istanbul World Forum - Measuring and Fostering the Progress of Societies 28

The Gender Gap in Turkey Meltem Kurtsan OECD Istanbul World Forum - Measuring and Fostering the Progress of Societies 28

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The Gender Gap in Turkey Meltem Kurtsan OECD Istanbul World Forum - Measuring and Fostering the Progress of Societies 28

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  1. The Gender Gap in Turkey Meltem Kurtsan OECD Istanbul World Forum - Measuring and Fostering the Progress of Societies 28th June 2007

  2. Global Gender Gap Index 2006 • 1. Sweden • 2. Norway • 3. Finland • 4. Iceland • 5. Germany • 6. Philippines • 7. New Zealand • 8. Denmark • 9. United Kingdom • 10. Ireland • 11. Spain • […] • […] • 97. Algeria • 98. India • 99. Mali • 100. Ethiopia • 101. United Arab Emirates • 102. Bahrain • 103. Cameroon • 104. Burkina Faso • 105. Turkey • […]

  3. Turkey’ Gender GapIndicator Spain Bulgaria Turkey • Female labour force participation 45 % 41 % 28 % • Legislators, senior officials, managers 30 % 30 % 6 % • Professional and technical workers 47 % 34 % 30 % • Enrolment – primary education 99 % 95 % 87 % • Enrolment – secondary education 99 % 87 % - • Enrolment – tertiary education 72 % 44 % 24 % • Women in parliament 36 % 22 % 4 % • Women in ministerial positions 50 % 24 % 4 %

  4. WOMEN EMPLOYMENT RATE WORLDWIDE • Iceland 79,4 • USA 65,4 • Australia 62,6 • Japan 57,4 • South Korea 52,2 • Mexico 41,3 • Turkey 25,4 OECD Report(2005)

  5. WOMEN IN LABOUR MARKET * Turkey Labor Market Study, WB November 21, 2005 • European Council in March 2000, Lizbon : • Female employment rate target for 2010 : 60 % • Recent figures on female employment : • EU members (all) 54.9 % • EU members the first 15 : 57.1 %

  6. LABOUR MARKET Prof Dr Gülay Toksöz, Ankara University, Faculty of Political Sciences (2007)

  7. EMPLOYMENT RATE BY EDUCATION LEVEL

  8. Obstacles for Entrepreneurship • Patriarchal society and traditional female-male roles • No access to equal education oppurtunities • Lack of experience in Labour Force • Few role models for woman entrepreneurship • Insufficient Capital (women’s share in real estates is 9 %) • Difficulties in getting credit • Unstable markets, politics and finance sector • Limited access to technology and qualified workers • Complexities in Tax Procedures • Insufficient official incentives • Limited networking, trade commissions and committies

  9. About KAGIDER • KAGIDER was chartered in September 2002 as a non-profit and non-governmental organization, by 37 prominent Turkish female entrepreneurs. It has grown steadily over the past three years as other successful businesswomen have joined its ranks. • Today we have 200 members from various sectors, including textile, communication, human resources, tourism, chemicals, mining and health. 

  10. About KAGIDER • Vision • To create women entrepreneurs who are effective in shaping the business world of the future. • Mission • ·         To increase the number of women entrepreneurs who generate added value, • ·         To strengthen existing women entrepreneurs, • ·         To integrate Turkish women entrepreneurs to global community; • Thus to contribute to social and economic progress of Turkey.

  11. Women Entrepreneurs Development Program • (Kagimer, Water Drop, Bridge For Women) • KAGIMER aims to support women candidates to start-up small enterprises. In addition to lobbying activities and organizing conferences and seminars, we have provided: • Entrepreneurship trainings to 1200 women • Mentoring support to 11 women • Incubation support to 5 women • Internship opportunities to 35 women

  12. Women’s Fund • KAGİDER has established an endowment to financially support women’s NGO’s projects for economic, social and political empowerment of women. Women’s Fund supported 40 NGOs projects

  13. Women’s Way to Europe • This project has been developed to establish an international working group, learn from other member countries experiences, draw a roadmap towards gender  equality in Turkey and  ensure monitoring in the negotiation process. We organized an International Conference on the May 25th-26th, 2006 in Istanbul.

  14. KAGIDER LOBBYING ACTIVITIES • Today KAGIDER is the one of the strongest women NGOs in related to women. • KAGIDER puts great emphasis on lobbying activities; publishes statements, provides policy recommendations to the state, public and private institutions to make women’s voice heard, to foster gender equality and to better women’s status in general. • KAGIDER participates in international seminars and workshops and represents Turkish women and establishes and enlarges networks among women entrepreneurs

  15. KAGIDER is a member of: • World Women Entrepreneurs Association (FCEM) • European Women Lobby (EWL) • Mediterranean Business Women Association (AFAEMME) • Balkan Regional Coalition of Women Business Associations