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Martin Luther Reluctant Rebel PowerPoint Presentation
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Martin Luther Reluctant Rebel

Martin Luther Reluctant Rebel

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Martin Luther Reluctant Rebel

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  1. Martin Luther Reluctant Rebel

  2. Test Your Knowledge Martin’s parents were named? Adolf and FriedaRolf and Frederica Joseph and MarieHans and Margarethe

  3. Test Your Knowledge Martin’s parents were named? Adolf and FriedaRolf and Frederica Joseph and MarieHans and Margarethe √

  4. Martin’s parents Hans and Margarethe originally lived in Möhra, now in central Germany.

  5. Satellite view of Möhra

  6. Möhra, Germany, the Luther ancestral home

  7. Luder not Luther?

  8. Luder not Luther? At Erfurt University Martin signed his name “Martinus Ludher ex Mansfeld.” At Wittenberg in 1517 he signed his name Martinus Luder.

  9. The Luther name • In 1517 (the year he posted the 95 Theses) Martin changed his family name from Luderto Luther. • Why?

  10. The Luther name • Luder had negative meanings in German: hussy or devil. • Luther is based on the Greek “eleutheros” (“free”), a sign of his new-found understanding of God’s grace.

  11. Birth Geburt

  12. Test Your Knowledge Martin was born November 10, 1483 in... Fürth, BavariaEisleben, Thuringia  Tecklenburg, WestphaliaPilsen, Bohemia

  13. Test Your Knowledge Martin was born November 10, 1483 in... Fürth, BavariaEisleben, Thuringia  Tecklenburg, WestphaliaPilsen, Bohemia √

  14. Eisleben town square

  15. House (restored) in Eisleben where Martin was born

  16. Test Your Knowledge Martin was baptized November 11, the feast day of what saint, after whom he was named? St. Martin of WattenbürgSt. Martin the Pius  St. Martin of ToursSt. Martin of Bratislava

  17. Test Your Knowledge Martin was baptized November 11, the feast day of what saint, after whom he was named? St. Martin of WattenbürgSt. Martin the PiusSt. Martin of ToursSt. Martin of Bratislava √

  18. Martin was baptized at the Church of St. Peter and St. Paul near his birthplace

  19. Hans Margaretha Martin

  20. Hans, Margarethe and Martin Martin had a hard youth, without happy memories, and was brought up under stern discipline.

  21. Not a Loving God As a child, the name Christ made young Martin cringe: “From early childhood I turned pale and trembled whenever I heard the name of Christ, for I was taught to look upon him as a stern and wrathful judge.”

  22. Martin was six months old the family to moved to Mansfeld. Hans hoped to make a living in the copper mines.

  23. Luder/Luther home in Mansfeld

  24. Elementary School Days 1491 (age 7)-1501 (age 17) Hans Luther did whatever was necessary to have Martin become a lawyer and sent him to Latin schools in Mansfeld, Magdeburg and Eisenach.

  25. Entrance to Eisenach’s Old Town

  26. 1498 to 1501Half-timber house in Eisenach once owned by the Cotta family where Luther lived.

  27. Martin Luther called Eisenach "my beloved city.” He developed a love for music and art, and he learned to play the lute.

  28. Y ears University

  29. 1501-1505 Attended Erfurt University; 1505 entered law school in accordance with his father’s wishes.

  30. Test Your Knowledge According to legend, Luther vowed to become a monk when he nearly died… after a severe beating by thieves of bubonic plague during a violent lightning storm when he lost control of his horse

  31. Test Your Knowledge According to legend, Luther vowed to become a monk when he nearly died… after a severe beating by thieves of bubonic plague during a violent lightning storm when he lost control of his horse √

  32. Near-Death Experience July 2, 1505(age 21) While returning to Erfurt University after visiting his parents in Mansfeld…

  33. Martin was nearly struck by lightning. Afraid he was going to die, he called out, “Save me, St. Anne and I will become a monk!”

  34. Monkery

  35. The Tortured Soul July 17, 1505 Martin entered the Augustinian Monastery in Erfurt

  36. Monkery 1506 (age 23)The decision to enter the monastery was a difficult one. Martin knew that he would disappoint his parents, but he also knew that he must keep a promise to God.

  37. Martin’s only goal as a monk was to earn his way into heaven.

  38. “I kept the rule of my order so strictly … if ever a monk got to heaven by his monkery, it was I.”

  39. Luther fasted and beat himself. He confessed and sought forgiveness for the slightest error.

  40. Luther the Priest April 4, 1507 (age 23)Martin ordained priest in Erfurt's Mariendom (St. Mary’s Church).

  41. Test Your Knowledge 1511 (age 27) After a long journey to Rome Martin was assigned to the post of biblical lecturer at the university in… Leipzig Heidelburg Marburg Wittenberg

  42. Test Your Knowledge 1511 (age 27) After a long journey to Rome Martin was assigned to the post of biblical lecturer at the university in… Leipzig Heidelburg Marburg Wittenberg √

  43. Tiny Wittenberg on the Elbe

  44. Modern Wittenberg on the Elbe RiverIn Martin’s time, a mile long, with a population of about 2,000.

  45. Today, Lutherstadt Wittenberg has population of some 50,000

  46. Described as “a poor, insignificant town, with little, old, ugly wooden houses” Its inhabitants were “beyond measure drunken, rude and given to reveling.”

  47. Aerial view of Lutherstadt Wittenberg, with the Castle Church in the foreground

  48. Wittenberg's Marketplatz and towers of the 14th century Stadtkirche.

  49. Wittenberg from the Castle Church

  50. All Saints’ Church - the Schlosskirche (“castle church”). Built in 1509.