Westward Expansion Chapter 16 & 17 Overview Years: 1803 to 1853 “From Purchase to Purchase”
Section 1 Title: Oregon Country Main Idea: By the 1840s, thousands of pioneers followed in the footsteps of fur traders and missionaries to settle in the fertile lands of the Oregon Country. Fact: Region claimed by U.S., Britain, Spain, & Russia
Section 2 Title: The Republic of Texas Main Idea: In 1835, American settlers in Texas revolted against Mexican rule and won their independence in 1836. (Later annexed by U.S. in 1845.) Fact: Mexico feared Texas would break away in 1830
Think Pair Share 1. Check over your shoulder partners notes If they do not have the same information you have, then let them use your notes to catch up. • Ask your partner what a pioneer is and what they did. • What is a settler?
Section 3 Title: California and the Southwest Main Idea: Idea of Manifest Destiny gains popularity in the 1840s as more Americans moved west and thought the U.S. should expand to Pacific Ocean. Identify: Painting of ‘America’ floating over the Plains
Section 4 Title: The Mexican War Main Idea: As a result of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, U.S. expands to Pacific Ocean with Mexican Cession and, later, the Gadsden Purchase (1853). Identify: Mexican Cession, 1848
Section 5 Title: Americans Rush West Main Idea: In the late 1840s, discovery of gold at Sutter’s Mill brings thousands west to settle California (forty-niners) and the Mormons settle in Utah. Identify: Panning for gold