CEA Unit 1 Terms and Definitions
ABET • The recognized accreditor for college and university programs in applied science, computing, engineering, and technology.
Aesthetics • The quality of an object that deals with art, beauty, and taste.
Architect • An individual trained in the art and science of designing and constructing buildings.
Balance • The pleasing or harmonious arrangement or proportion of parts or elements in a design or composition.
Bearing Wall • Solid walls that provide support for each other and for the roof of a structure.
Building Code • Legal requirements designed to protect the public by providing guidelines for structural, electrical, plumbing, and mechanical areas of a structure.
Civil Engineer • An engineer trained in the design and construction of public works, such as bridges or dams, and other large facilities.
Contrast • A visual principle associated with change made in size, shape, color, or tone of graphic elements.
Element of Design • A basic visual component or building block of designed objects.
Emphasis • Stress or prominence given to an element of a composition by means of contrast, anomaly, or counterpoint.
Keystone • A wedge-shaped stone placed in the crown of an arch.
Post-and-Lintel Construction • Wall construction utilizing a framework of vertical posts and horizontal beams to carry floor and roof loads.
Repetition • A principle where some graphic elements are repeated throughout the entire design.
Rhythm • Movement characterized by a patterned repetition or alteration of formal elements or motifs in the same or a modified form.
Unity • The state or quality of being combined into one, as the ordering of elements in an artistic work that constitutes a harmonious whole or promotes a singleness of effect.
Zoning Ordinance • Law that specifies how and for what purpose each parcel of private real estate may be used. Also called zoning code.