List four benefits of effective fireground communications and explain the importance of each. UNDERSTANDING FIREGROUND COMMUNICATIONS THE NEED FOR EFFECTIVE FIREGROUND COMMUNICATIONS OBJECTIVES Module 3 Overview
List the six steps identified in the communications model and explain the importance of each step. THE COMMUNICATIONS MODEL OBJECTIVES Module 3 Overview
Apply the communications model to practical fireground communications when given a scenario. APPLICATION OF THE COMMUNICATIONS MODEL OBJECTIVES Module 3 Overview
Understanding Fireground Communications • Insert photo of radio
Fireground Communications • More than just yelling orders • Involves several steps • Giving and receiving information • Information understood
Improved Firefighter Safety • Ability to communicate essential information quickly. • Knowing where personnel are at all times.
Effective Resource Use • Manage action plan effectively. • Gather clear and concise information. • Flow of important information only
Improved Interagency Cooperation Through Good Communication • Makes Department look good • Makes it easier for others to understand your needs. • Eliminates duplication of efforts.
Legal Implications • Many radio communications are taped. • Tapes may be entered as part of the evidence. • All Departments must follow FCC licensing requirements.
Departments need to train on improving fireground communication procedures. Photo of radio
Departments Should Have Written Communication Procedures • Basis for training. • Compatible with other agencies. • Members know what the communication rules are. • Used during post incident analysis.
Written Procedures Provide a Model • Assurance that all the important factors in effective communication are included. • Followed at all incidents • “Perfect practice makes perfect” Vince Lombardi
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THE COMMUNICATIONS MODEL • THE COMMUNICATIONS MODEL INSERT SLIDE #24 FROM MODULE 3
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When communication breaks down on the fireground so does: • Coordination • Control • The ability to provide for firefighter safety
All personnel have the responsibility to communicate effectively • Starts with a good brief initial report by the first-in officer. • Continues throughout the incident.
Types of Tactical Communications • Initial conditions reports • Implementation orders • Progress reports • Reports of Safety Hazards
Tactical Benchmarks • Completion of tactical operations • Completion of primary search • Stopping the forward progress of the fire • When further property loss is stopped
Progress Reports from COs“Report on Conditions” • The tactical operations are having a positive impact. • Tactical operations are not having a positive impact. • Additional resources that may be needed.
Progress Reports from COs“Report on Conditions” • Advanced warning to the supervisor as to when relief crews will be needed. • If and when resources might be available for release or reassignment. • Periodic reports on the status.
Reports of safety hazards or evacuation orders“Emergency Traffic” • All personnel have the responsibility. • A method to quickly convey emergency information should be established. • Accounts for all personnel when the structure has been evacuated.
Engine 1, 2 Quint 1 Batt 1 Respond to a structure fire at 1901 Phelps Way
Engine 1, 4, 3 Quint 1 Batt 3 Respond to a structure fire at 49 Seton Avenue
Engine 9, 10, 15 Truck 9 Batt 2 Respond to a structure fire at 177 Windy Hill Road
Engine 8, 11, 5 Truck 8 Batt 1 Respond to a structure fire at 19 Rosewood Road
Engine 2, 6 Quint 6 Quint 1 Batt 2 Respond to a structure fire at 32 Union Street
Engine 13, 7 16 Quint 7 Batt 2 Respond to a structure fire at 2 Knob Hill Road