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Jean Piaget

Jean Piaget

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Jean Piaget

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  1. Jean Piaget Courtney Painton Carrie Dayley Melissa Holmes

  2. Background • Born August 9th, 1896 • PhD in Zoology • Swiss Development Psychologist and Philosopher • 1923 Married, and his 3 children • 1972 Erasmus Prize • 1979 Balzan for political and social sciences • Died September 16th, 1980

  3. Theory of Moral DevelopmentStage 1 • Unchangeable Rules • Obedience to rules, authority, duty • Letter of Law valued • Egocentric, projects own perspective • Behavior: right or wrong • Consequences over Intentions • Punishment: immediate, automatic • Adult authority/Child helpless Young Children 5/6-10/12 years

  4. Theory of Moral DevelopmentStage 2 • Older Children-10/12 years+ • Changeable Rules with mutual consent, cooperation • Considers intent, motivation, context, abilities • Understands reasons for rules • Punishment should fit crime, restitution, reform • Considers perspectives • Purpose of Law valued • Golden Rule/Ideal Reciprocity

  5. Consider… • Scenario 1 • A mother placed a cookie jar on a high shelf to stop Sam from getting any cookies. After she left, Sam broke a cup while trying to steal the cookies • Scenario 2 • Tevis went into the kitchen to help his mother clean, but accidentally broke 10 cups. If a younger child was asked, “ Who should be punished?” Predict what he/she might say. What might an older child say?

  6. Possible response • The younger child might say, "Tevis, because he broke the most cups.” • The older child might say, "Sam. Because he broke the cup while trying to steal cookies.”

  7. Influence • Opened the door to children psychological research • Kohlberg • How it has helped teachers today

  8. Contributions • Cognitive development is tied to Stages of Moral Development • When developmentally appropriate, over time • Expectations: lies, theft, cheating, fairness, sharing • Appropriate punishment/consequences • Older children consider rules as changeable • Scheduling of school curriculum around cognitive/moral development • One classroom: students with different moral realities, P.O.V. • Test to know where students are developmentally • Adult/teacher and child relationship awareness • Learn morality from experiences, group interaction, process of discovery, reflection, assimilation, accommodation

  9. Critiques • Problems with research methods • Unrepresentative samples • Underestimation of children’s abilities • Individual differences • Overlooking cultural/social effects

  10. Resources • http://www.biography.com/people/jean-piaget-9439915 • http://psychology.about.com/od/piagetstheory/a/keyconcepts.htm • http://www.psychologydegree.net/resources/moral-devlopment/ • http://alleydog.com/topics/child-psychology.php • http://www.sevencounties.org/poc/view_doc.php?type=doc&id=41173&cn=1310