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Crazy Horse 1842 (?) -- 1877 PowerPoint Presentation
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Crazy Horse 1842 (?) -- 1877

Crazy Horse 1842 (?) -- 1877

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Crazy Horse 1842 (?) -- 1877

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  1. Crazy Horse 1842 (?) -- 1877 By Alex Wells Mrs. Drees September 28, 2009

  2. “One does not sell the earth upon which the people walk”. • Crazy Horse 1.

  3. Birth • Crazy Horse was born in the early 1840’s to an Ogala medicine man and a Brule woman, near the Black Hills in South Dakota. • His name at birth was “In the Wilderness” or “Among the Trees”, which means he was one with nature. It is a Lakota name which is pronounced Cha-O-Ha. • His nickname was “Curly”, due to his light, curly hair.

  4. Family Ties • Crazy Horse’s father was a member of the Ogala tribe and was named Crazy Horse. • Crazy Horse’s mother was a member of the Brule tribe. She was the sister of the Brule head chief, Spotted Tail. • He had a brother named Little Hawk.

  5. Childhood • Curly was strong from age one and he played with the older boys. • He got his first bow at age six and was hunting at 10. • His best friend (“kola”), Hump, was killed while hunting.

  6. Young Adulthood • By the time he was 12, he had killed a buffalo and earned his horse. • On August 19, 1854 he was at Chief Conquering Bear’s camp when the Chief was killed.

  7. Young Adulthood • Curly became a man at age 16 and that is when he father changed his name to Crazy Horse. His father then took the name Worm. • He started hunting for food with the adults and he continued to raid other tribes, such as the Crow.

  8. Visions • Crazy Horse had visions of his future as a warrior. • His first vision was after the battle at Conquering Bear’s camp. • He had a vision of a rider with a feather of a hawk in his hair.

  9. Visions • His visions showed him with his hair down with a lightning bolt across his cheek and a stone earring. He had no scalps on his belt. • His “future self” told him that meant he should not take scalps.

  10. Visions • In Crazy Horse’s next battle, he ignored this vision and took a scalp. • He was wounded, and he believed it was because he ignored his vision. He never took another scalp.

  11. Marriage • Crazy Horse was able to build an alliance with the Cheyenne by marrying a woman of that tribe. • After her death, Crazy Horse married an Ogala woman named Black Shawl. • Crazy Horse had no children.

  12. Warrior • Crazy Horse joined war parties starting at the age of 16. • He was always at the front of the battle, and earned a reputation for bravery. • He only killed when necessary. • He fought other tribes, and not white settlers until the mid-1860’s.

  13. Warrior • When Crazy Horse was in his early 20’s, all the Sioux Chiefs met to discuss the American settlers. • Peace had been negotiated between the Great Chief Red Cloud and the United States. • Now there were settlements and soldiers in their territory. • Skirmishes were happening between the tribes and soldiers.

  14. Warrior Chief • The Chiefs voted to resist the settlers and soldiers. • Crazy Horse was chosen to lead the first attack on the settlers. • He attacked soldiers from Fort Phil Kearny on December 21, 1866 and was successful. This is known as the Fetterman Massacre. • He was hailed a great war chief.

  15. Warrior Chief • Crazy Horse was seen as a main war leader. • He led both the Sioux tribes and the Cheyenne, who were their allies. • He waged many battles along the Bozeman Trail and against the Pacific Railway surveyors, soldiers and wagon trains.

  16. Warrior Chief • Red Cloud signed another peace treaty in November 1868, but Crazy Horse, along with Chief Sitting Bull, refused to sign the treaty. • Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull continued to attack any white settlers, wagon trains and soldiers they came across.

  17. The Great Sioux War • In 1874 – 1875, gold was found in the Black Hills and many speculators flooded in from the East. • The US government tried to convince Crazy Horse and his allies to stop attacking and join Red Cloud on the Great Reservation.

  18. The Great Sioux War • Crazy Horse refused and continued to fight. • The army, under the command of General Sheridan, was given the task of defeating Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull.

  19. The Battle of Little Big Horn • On June 25, 1876, the Army decided to attack the Sioux warriors, who were camped in the Big Horn Valley. • They planned a “two-pronged” attack to trap the Sioux in their camp.

  20. The Battle of Little Big Horn • But the Army underestimated the size of the warrior group – over 12,000 warriors were gathered at the Big Horn River. • Many of the warriors believed that this would be a “last stand”. • Other tribes, including the Cheyenne, joined the Sioux.

  21. The Battle of Little Big Horn • The two “prongs” of the Army mistimed their arrival, and General George Custer and his soldiers arrived at the Sioux encampment alone and were outnumbered. • Custer was defeated and few of Custer’s soldiers survived. • This was a huge victory for Crazy Horse and his warriors.

  22. The End of the Great Sioux War • After the Battle of Little Big Horn, the US Army began a relentless pursuit of Crazy Horse. • Crazy Horse continued to fight the US Army, and on January 8, 1877, Crazy Horse fought his last battle. • With his troops weak from cold and hunger, Crazy Horse surrendered to US troops at Camp Robinson in Nebraska on May 5.

  23. The Death of Crazy Horse • Crazy Horse spent the next 4 months near Red Cloud’s reservation. • Rumors reached the Army that Crazy Horse was planning to escape to wage war again.

  24. The Death of Crazy Horse • Crazy Horse was arrested and tried to escape. • Crazy Horse resisted capture, angered a soldier and was stabbed by a bayonet. • He died on September 5, 1877, and was buried at Wounded Knee.

  25. The Importance of Crazy Horse • Crazy Horse was important because he changed the Sioux nation forever. • He changed the way the Sioux people thought of themselves. • He led them to resist the American expansion.

  26. The Importance of Crazy Horse • Crazy Horse also changed the way Americans thought of Native Americans. • He showed resistance and fought the soldiers. • He was willing to fight to the death to protect their way of life.

  27. The Importance of Crazy Horse • Crazy Horse showed that it is not always the strongest people who are the leaders. • Even though Crazy Horse was quiet and rarely ever spoke in meetings, he was considered a natural born leader.

  28. Bibliography • Stanley, George E. Crazy Horse: Young War Chief. Aladdin Paperbacks, 2005. • • •

  29. Bibliography • • • •