A Brief History of the World 10,000 years in 4 days!
The World in 2010 • Spaceship Earth • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WmMUuR--Qvo • How unique is America? How “lucky” are we? • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oumVHSj6AE8 • How did we arrive here?
Survival • 3 Factors • Subsistence practices • Exchange systems • Material equipment used to make a living (technology)
Survival 5 Main Subsistence Patterns 1. Foraging (Hunter-gathers) 2. Pastoralism (raising domesticated animals) 3. Horticulture 4. Agriculture (more intensive than horticulture) 5. Industrialism
The First 6 Million Years… • All humans were foragers until 10,000 years ago • 90% of all people who ever lived • 99% of human history • Small groups (<100 people) • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pro6X_Kc5wA&feature=fvw • Egalitarian • “The Original Affluent Society” – Marshall Sahlins • What is affluence?
The Origins of Inequality • Jared Diamond • Thesis (NOT fact): The roots of inequality in today’s world boil down to geographic luck.
8,000 years ago – Agriculture emerges almost simultaneously in 5 places
Key to Diamond’s Thesis: Spread easily east to west, not north to south b/c of different climates
Profound cultural changes came with the domestication of plants and animals 10,000 years ago
By 1450, patterns of subsistence were distributed like this… Most agriculture develops along the Tropic of Cancer (yellow)
By 1450, patterns of subsistence were distributed like this… Draft animals and other technologies spread east-west through the wide continent (yellow box)
By 1450, patterns of subsistence were distributed like this… Horticulture thrives in fertile tropical areas (green)
By 1450, patterns of subsistence were distributed like this… Pastoralism develops on the edge of food cultivation areas…or where food cultivation thrived but now fails (orange)
By 1450, patterns of subsistence were distributed like this… Foraging has been pushed into sparse environments (red)
Industrial Revolution • About 240 years ago • “Picks up steam” (pun intended) about 150 years ago