CCOSO CONFERENCE05/09/13 Internet Sex Offenders: Horse of a different color Elaine Brady, Ph.D., M.F.T. Certified Addiction Therapist Certified Sex Addiction Therapist networthrecovery.net elainebrady.com Net Worth Recovery, Inc. Treating Internet and Sex Addictions Ctrl
Clinical Significance: We are seeing an ^ # of cases in which Online Sexual Activity(OSA) has resulted in significant consequences for individuals Many of us are unfamiliar with relatively new aspects of Cyberculture & Cybersex We are being ^ called upon to render opinions regarding our clients potential: Danger to public welfare Danger to own children Ability to benefit from post-offense rehabilitation
Statement of the Problem: Pedophilia & paraphilia are the most common online sex crimes Alarming ^ # of new cases over last 5 yrs. Large # of these had no prior hx. of: psychiatric issues, criminal behav. or sexual interest in minors- Pseudo & Virtual Pedophilia
Assertions Regarding Problem: Pseudo-pedophilia is a dsyfunctional coping mechanism that uses fantasy as an escape tool. 2.Occurs Within the Context of: Internet Addiction Cybersex Addiction 3. Represents lower risk of hands-on offense
4. Pseudo-pedophilia Occurs As a Result of: Unique Characteristics of the Internet Active Entrapment by Pornography Industry Passive Enabling of Internet Service Providers (ISPs) Latent Predisposition
PRESENTATION GOALS 1. Familiarize attendee with the growing phenomenon of OSA, Internet and Cybersex Addiction 2. Provide resources for assessment of Internet and Cybersex Addiction 3.Enable attendee to distinguish between true and pseudo-pedophilia
World Wide Web- w.w.w. 1988 A Virulent Virus is Birthed ● 200,000+ new users ea. mo. ● Average 7 hrs. per week (rec.) ●Now 2 billion World Wide “Users” ●5 billion W.W. mobile subscribers ● Over 225 Million (79%) users in the U.S. ● 500 million mobile users
Majority Use in positive and productive ways. BUT…..
Scope of the Problem225 Million “Users” • 6-10% (13-22 million people) of all Internet users become “addicted” to it; spend 20-40+ hrs wk; single sess. 20+ hrs (gaming) • 16 -19 %ofcollege students become addicted •Children most vulnerable: 25% boys, 13% girls addicted = 5.2 mill. boys, 2.3 mill. girls in U.S. Suffer significant life consequences- job/academic, health, $, legal, relationships
Cybersex Addiction 15% OSA users severe problems- 40% are W 6-8% become addicted= 3-4m- 21%are W Spend aver. 11hrs. wk., often 2-3 x’s that- exper. signif. life problems
Prevalence Among Youth •20-30% of adult material viewers are children • 12-17 y.o.largest viewers of Net porn • 15-19y.o. largest viewers of child porn, ¼ of convictions for sex offences Industry actively markets & “recruits” into child porn
Cybersex Addiction 20-33% Users engage regularly in some form of OSA=45-69 mill. 6-10% will become addicted= 4 -7mill.
Behavioral Addictions Anyactivity, the very process of which, alters brain/body chemistry and is engaged in to the extent it meets the criteria for “addiction.” • Eating Disorder • Gambling•Work • Spending • Exercise • Romance/Sex Pathological Gambling DSM-IV1994
ADDICTION: The Behavior Meets Four Primary Criteria- P.C.O.C. Progressive Compulsive Obsessive Consequences
Internet &Cybersex AddictionPlug in, Turn on, Drop out A repetitive, intrusive urge to engage in an Internet activity that is pleasurable in the moment but that causes subsequent distress, functional impairment, and significant “withdrawal” symptoms if not engaged in.
Types of Internet Addiction 1. Cyber-sexual addiction - addiction to adult chat room or cyberporn. 2. Cyber-relationship addiction - online friendships made in chat rooms or cyberporn. 3. Net compulsion - compulsive gambling, day trading, or auction shopping. 4. Information overload - compulsive Web or database surfing. 5. Computer addiction - compulsive game playing or programming
Online Sexual Activity (OSA) Any activity (text, audio, graphics) that involves sexuality for the purposes of recreation, entertainment, exploration, support, education, commerce and/or seeking out sexual or romantic partners.
Cybersex Focuses on sexual gratification E-mail, I.M., chat rooms, sharing fantasies, role play, Virtual Worlds Viewing erotic material, posting/sharing pics., downloading, trading, interactive Webcams, masturbation, sex toys/suits
Internet Addiction Has been successfully established as an Impulse Control Disorder in a court of law- St. of W. Virginia vs Scott Russell, 1998
Assessment & Resources www.netaddiction.com www.virtual-addiction.com www.cyberwidows.com www.onlinesexaddict.com www.sexualrecovery.com www.porn-free.org (Christian-based)
The Internet has unique visual and psychological qualities- In studying human behavior, researchers have found that-
Somewhat like TV, but more powerful in it’s ability to ensnare it’s Users
Hypno-visionTV – Introduction of Visual Media (1928)60 years before W.W.W. Orienting response Sensory Disorientation
Orienting Response TV hijacks our instinctive visual & auditory reactions to any sudden or novel stimulus. TV action is timed to capture & fix this response. Sx: dilation of the blood vessels to the brain, slowing of the heart, and constriction of blood vessels to major muscle groups- lethargy
Sensory Disorientation The TV watcher is visually and auditorily stimulated to react while remaining physically passive. This sensory disorientation confuses the mind & creates an almost hypnotic trance in the viewer.
TV vsINTERNET For the first time, more Americans see the Internet as the most important medium in their lives. Arbitron Inc. and Edison Media Research, 2010
Internet’s Unique Properties ● Orienting Response ● Sensory Disorientation Biochemical ● Infinite options ● Operant Conditioning ● Shock value ● Visual qualities- realism ● Time distortion
Internet’s Unique Psychological Properties ● Interactive ● Social ● The ACE Model
Shock Value Cybersex Drug of Choice
Visual Fixation ●Graphics incredibly realistic, colorful and fantastical ● Men respond to visual stimuli with more vigor and speed than females ● Tunnel vision
Biochemistry • The brain is tricked into “fight-flight-mate” responses that triggers the release of brain chemicals that can be highly addictive • Dopamine: study found that dopamine levels doubled during play • Time limits increase- ^ Adrenaline “Jacked Up”- Stimulant
Those with ADHD 2x’s as likely to become addicted to Internet! ● easily distracted● have an under-stimulated brain and are frequently seeking stimulation● always looking for something new and exciting● immediate rewards ● multiple windows with different activities ● get a lot of pleasure out of being in the state of hyperfocus● poorimpulse control *Yen, ’09
Endorphins Serotonin XXX Dopamine Over time, the body develops tolerance to these “drugs” and needs more (i.e. time, freq., shock) to get the same “high,” avoid “withdrawal.”
Psychoactive Qualities Dual-delivery ●Stimulant- jacked up, hyper-agitated ● Sedating- trancelike/dissociative state
Cybersex “scrolling” Mindless “surfing” or “scrolling” back-and-forth eye movement similar to hypnosis, inducing an “entranced” or hypnotic state
Entranced Dissociative: something about the individual's personality appears split off from the usual response patterns to the environment. Excessive Internet use is associated with higher levels of dissociative symptoms. Trance: a state in which the subject'sawareness and behavioral responding is altered from the usual.
TIME DISTORTION Electronic Software Association (‘07) reports an aver. of 7.5 hrs of daily game play 70% report having played 10-20 hours straight
INTERNET AS A DRUG methamphetamine
Big Difference Internet’s Unique Psychological Properties Television is passive Internet is interactive and social
Unique Addictive CharacteristicsKimberly Young, “Tangled in the Web,” 1998 Internet The ACE Model Anonymity Convenience Escape Addiction Center for Internet Addiction Recovery