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adapting to the world

adapting to the world

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adapting to the world

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  1. Personality adapting to the world

  2. Explain different psychological perspectives on personality • Point out criticisms & revisions • Describe shared principles • Describe the value of each perspective Learning Objectives

  3. Organizing the Information Point out criticisms Describe Value Explain different perspectives Describe Shared Principles

  4. Psychodynamic Perspective When inspiration does not come to me, I go halfway to meet it.SIGMUND FREUD

  5. Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory Underlying Beliefs Societal Influences

  6. Freud’s Psychoanalytic Approach to Personality Theory based on unconscious [sexual] drives and hidden impulses rooted in childhood development

  7. Freud’s Psychoanalytic Approach to Personality Behaviors are a result of conflicts between levels of consciousness

  8. Freud’s Psychoanalytic Approach to Personality

  9. (Anna) Freud’s Psychoanalytic Approach to Personality • Defense Mechanisms • Repression • Displacement • Rationalization • Sublimation • Projection • Reaction Formation • Denial • Regression • REDUCES ANXIETY WHY? • You get your own little interpretation of reality • Created all for you • Deep in your subconscious

  10. Criticisms & Revisions of Freud’s Psychodynamic Approach The sexual life of adult women is a “dark continent” for psychology.SIGMUND FREUD • Focus on sex • Heavily influenced by beliefs • Lack of evidence • Theories too universal • Stress on childhood • Stress on unconscious • Stress on neuroses • Omits socio cultural • Omits healthy behaviors • Karen Horney: feminist response • Carl Jung: collective unconscious • Alfred Adler:individual compensation

  11. Organizing the Information Point out criticisms Describe Value Explain different perspectives Describe Shared Principles

  12. Man's task is to become conscious of the contents that press upward from the unconscious. CARL JUNG Psychodynamic/Analytical Theory

  13. Conscious and unconscious are both in the service of the individual, who uses them to further personal goals. ALFRED ADLER Psychodynamic/Individual Psychology

  14. Organizing the Information Point out criticisms Describe Value Explain different perspectives Describe Shared Principles

  15. The more we learn about man’s natural tendencies, the easier it will be to tell him how to be good, how to be happy, how to be fruitful, how to respect himself, how to love, how to fulfill his highest potentialities … Abraham Maslow Humanistic Perspective

  16. Maslow’s Humanistic Approach to Personality Critical Response Emphasis on Positive

  17. The only person who is educated is the one who has learned to learn…and change….CARL ROGERS Humanistic Perspective

  18. Rogers’sHumanistic Approach to Personality Innate Ingredients Happiness/Unhappiness

  19. Organizing the Information Point out criticisms Describe Value Explain different perspectives Describe Shared Principles

  20. Trait Perspectives

  21. TraitPerspectives O.C.E.A.N.

  22. Organizing the Information Point out criticisms Describe Value Explain different perspectives Describe Shared Principles