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Week 6 Journal 23

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  1. Week 6 Journal 23 Pick up a journal sheet. You were handed a worksheet as you entered the room today. These are slang terms from the 1920s. Select 6 terms from the list and write them in your journal. Give a prediction for the meaning of those 6 terms. Ex – Jalopy – an old run down car NO ! You may not use jalopy!

  2. Week 6 Journal 23 Pick up a journal sheet. You were handed a worksheet as you entered the room today. These are slang terms from the 1920s. Select 6 terms from the list and write them in your journal. Give a prediction for the meaning of those 6 terms. Ex – Jalopy – an old run down car NO ! You may not use jalopy!

  3. Why do they call the 1920 decade the “ROARING TWENTIES”?

  4. Banana Oil • nonsense • Dumb Dora • Absolute idiot, a dumbbell – usually a women • Hooey • nonsense • Ritzy • elegant

  5. CHAPTER 12 POLITICS OF THE THE ROARING 20s

  6. THREE IMPORTANT TERMS • Nativism – • Belief that. . . • Isolationism • Staying off. . . • Communism – • Political system based on a single-party government • Ruled by a dictatorship • Usually accompanied by a socialist economy

  7. RESULTED IN • Nativism • Anti-immigrant feelings / actions • Immigration laws • Violence • Isolationism • Limited foreign involvement • Communism • End private property • Government owned factories and businesses

  8. Bee’s Knees • A superb person or thinbg • Fall Guy • Someone who takes the blame for the wrong doings of others • Hotsy-totsy • Pleasing • Scratch • money

  9. FEAR OF COMMUNISMRED SCARE • An increase in strikes caused concern about the spread of communism • Believed communist would take control of the government

  10. 70,000 Americans joined the communist party • Communist wanted to • Overthrow capitalist system • Abolish free enterprise • Abolish private property

  11. A little background information • April 1919 - postal service intercepted more than 30 packages with bombs • Targeted leading business men • June 1919 • 8 bombs in 8 cities went off within minutes of each other • Could be a nation wide conspiracy

  12. PALMER RAIDS • One of bombs damaged home of US Atty. Gen. Mitchell Palmer • Took action against the Red Scare • Appointed J. Edgar Hoover as head of Anti-radical Division of the Justice Department • FBI

  13. Palmer sent agents to hunt down communists, anarchists, socialists • Agents showed no regard for civil rights • Deported many without trial • Raids never turned up anything • Claimed something big would happen on May 1, 1920 • It did not and people stopped listening to him

  14. Belly laugh • A loud, uninhibited laugh • Fire extinguisher • A chaperone • Jake • Okay – “everything is jake” • Sheba • A very attractive young woman

  15. SACCO AND VANZETTI • Italian immigrants • Anarchists • April 15, 1920 • 2 men from the shoe company were killed and the payroll was stolen - $15,000

  16. Sacco and Vanzetti had alibis but were convicted anyway • Made several appeals • August 23, 1927 they were executed.

  17. QUESTION Why did Attorney General Palmer launch a series of raids against suspected Communists? What were the results of the raids?

  18. Blind Date • A date with someone you have never met • Flat Tire • A dull, boring person • Jalopy • An old car • Sheik • A very attractive young man

  19. LIMITING IMMIGRATION • Immigrants were viewed as radicals • Big businesses did not like immigrants anymore • Labor unions and strikes • They want limits now

  20. RETURN OF THE KU KLUX KLAN • Helped to lead the movement to limit immigration • Now they also target Catholics, Jewish people, immigrants and other groups seen as representing “un-American” values

  21. Klan advertised that they were fighting for “Americanism” • Influenced politics until the late 1920s

  22. EMERGENCY QUOTA ACT • Established a temporary quota system limiting immigration • 3% of ethnic group’s population in US in 1910 • Greatly affected S and E European immigrants

  23. THE NATIONAL ORIGINS ACT OF 1924 • Made the Quota Act Permanent • Made it tighter – • 2% • 1890 census • Favored N and W immigrants

  24. QUESTION Why did Congress make changes in immigration laws during the 1920s?

  25. Big cheese • An important person • Frame • To cause a person’s arrest by providing false evidence • Keen • Attractive, appealing • Smeller • nose

  26. LABOR UNREST • During the war Wilson did not allow strikes • When the war was over many workers went on strike • 1919 – 3,600 strikes involving four million workers

  27. BOSTON POLICE STRIKE • 75% of police walked off the job • Riots and looting started • Mass. Governor CALVIN COOLIDGE called in National Guard • Police commissioner fired strikers and hired new officers

  28. THE STEEL MILL STRIKE • 350,000 workers walked off job • Elbert Gary – head of US Steel – would not talk to union • Used anti immigrant feelings to split workers • Hired African Americans and Mexicans to keep steel mills open • Strike collapsed

  29. COAL MINERS STRIKE • 1919 – United Mine Workers of America organized a strike • John L Lewis – leader • They wanted . . Raise – less hours – shorter week • Pres. Wilson gets involved – orders end • Lewis agrees – then orders – • Outcome -

  30. SEATTLE GENERAL STRIKE • Wanted higher wages and shorter hours • Walked off job • Grew into a GENERAL STRIKE • Did not get demands • Caused fear among American people • This was a tactic used by European Communist Workers

  31. RESULTS OF STRIKES • Limited gains • Decline of union membership • Immigrants were willing to work in poor conditions • Difficult to organize people speaking so many different languages • Farmers now working in factories were self reliant • African Americans were excluded • Views of unions were changing

  32. Bull session • Informal group discussion • Gam • A girl’s leg • I have to go see a man about a dog. • An excuse to leave when you do not want others to know what you are doing. • Speakeasy • A saloon or bar selling bootleg whiskey

  33. SECTION 2 THE HARDING PRESIDENCY

  34. WARREN HARDING“Return to Normalcy”Struggles for Peace

  35. ISOLATIONISM – ARMS CONTROL • The US became isolationists after World War I • We wanted to stay out of foreign affairs

  36. Charles Evans Hughes- Secretary of State MORATORIUM • A pause on the construction of major new warships

  37. FIVE, FOUR, NINE POWER TREATIES • Treaties between the US and other countries to • Limit military ships • Recognize island possessions and China’s independence

  38. KELLOG-Briand pact • All countries that signed it agreed to abandon war and settle disputes peacefully

  39. FARM CRISIS • Same old thing - - - • Better equipment • Produce more • Prices go down • Cost of equipment is high • Farmers go bankrupt!!!!!

  40. MARKET CONDITIONS • High production • Increased supply • Lower costs What is the effect on businesses? • GOVERNMENT RESPONSE • Fordney-McCumber Tariff • Raised tariffs to highest yet • – caused less foreign trade

  41. THE DAWES PLAN • Conflict about WW I reparation payments between Britain, France and Germany. . . . • US Banker Dawes was sent to negotiate loan terms between countries • Resulted in. . .

  42. HARDING AND THE OHIO GANG GOOD • Herbert Hoover • Secretary of Commerce • Andrew Mellon • Secretary of Treasury • Charles “Doc” Sawyer • White House Doctor • Albert Fall • Secretary of the Interior • Charles Forbes • Head of Veterans’ Bureau • Daniel Crissinger • Chairman of the Federal Reserve Board BAD

  43. MELLON’S POLICIES & RESULTS • Goals • Balance the budget • Reduce government debt • Cut taxes • Believed these would promote economic growth and ensure prosperity • In 7 years the government cut the budget from 6.4 billion to 3 billion

  44. Week 5 JOURNAL 19 • Read the pink booklet on your desk and then answer the following questions. Paraphrase the questions in your answers. • What resulted from the assembly line and automobile production? • Where was jazz music first played? • What did Charles Lindbergh do? • What is a flapper? • What three issues divided America in the 1920s? • What is the Harlem Renaissance?

  45. HOOVER’S COOPERATIVE INDIVIDUALISM • Encouraged manufacturers and distributors to form trade associations and they would share information with the federal government.

  46. TEAPOT DOME SCANDAL • Albert Fall • Lease • Kickbacks • First cabinet member to go to jail!

  47. QUESTION How did the scandals of the Harding Administration hurt the country economically?

  48. Bump off • To murder • Gate Crasher • A person who attends a party without an invitation • Kisser • mouth • Spiffy • Having an elegant, fashionable appearance