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  1. Satan In Christianity and Islam

  2. Islam • Satan (الشيطان) was originally a Jinn • Name was Iblis • When Adam (as) was created, refused to prostrate to him • Reason he gave: “I am better than him: You created me from fire, and You created him out of clay” (Surah al-A’raf: 12).

  3. Differences between Adam and shaytan • Four ‘ayns • Shaytan was ‘abid, ‘arif, ‘alim • He was not an ‘ashiq • Adam (as) and Shaytan both made mistakes • Difference is that Adam (as) repented • "Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves. If You forgive us not, and bestow not upon us Your Mercy, we shall certainly be of the losers.”

  4. Christianity • Satan was an angel • Name was Lucifer • Literally means “light-bearer” and was used to refer to the dawn appearance of Venus, which indicates the arrival of daylight • Was one of the greatest angels • Reason for downfall is not very clear in Christianity • “For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north: I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High” (Isaiah: 14: 13-14).

  5. Battle • In book of Revelation, it says, “And there was a war in heaven: Mi’-cha-el and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels, And prevailed not; neither was their place found any more in heaven. And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him” (Revelation: 12: 7-9). • Material used later by people like Milton to describe the actual battle in Paradise Lost.

  6. Final Abode • According to Dante, Satan is currently resting in the center place of Hell, which is frozen over in ice. • Henchmen of Satan are dispatched around earth to tempt and deceive mankind. • A good example of deception methods of Satan comes in C.S. Lewis’ work The Screwtape Letters.

  7. Nine Muses • The Muses (إلهات الإلهام) in Greek mythology, poetry, and literature are the goddesses who inspire the creation of literature and the arts. They were considered the source of the knowledge, related orally for centuries in the ancient culture, that was contained in poetic lyrics and myths.1 • Tragedy – Melpomene 1

  8. Icarus • Father made wings for him from feathers and wax • Attempted to escape from Crete • Warned not to fly too close to the sun • Shows arrogance that he did it anyway and wax melted