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A City Upon a Hill

A City Upon a Hill

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A City Upon a Hill

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  1. A City Upon a Hill The Settlement of Massachusetts Bay

  2. Focus Question

  3. Role of the Protestant Reformation • Different groups protested different teachings and practices • Lutherans • Calvinists • Anglicans • The religious split contributed ot the growth of unified countries

  4. The Puritans • Anglican Church very close to the Catholic Church • Almost all teachings were the same • The King became the head of the Church, not the Pope • Development of Puritans in England • Wished to “purify” Catholic elements from the Anglican Church • Found their efforts blocked by the kings and court

  5. Pilgrims • Separatists • “Church of England too corrupt for salvation” • Set sail for Virginia • Mayflower Compact • Self-Government with Town Meeting • Only Church members voted • Absorbed by Massachusetts Bay

  6. The Puritans in New England • Massachusetts Bay Company chartered in 1629 • Provide a haven for persecuted Puritans • One thousand set out in 1630 • Sought to establish a “City Upon a Hill” • How a Christian community should live • Model for the world to follow

  7. The Puritan Community • Mixed Church and State • Only Puritan men could vote • All citizens supported the Church • State had jurisdiction over ministry • Required construction of churches and schools • Strong family ties and family stability • Puritan communities settled as groups from England • Families settled together • Built strong communities