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Slavery In America

Slavery In America

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Slavery In America

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  1. Slavery In America

  2. Slaves In America The first Africans in America arrived as slaves in Jamestown, Virginia in 1619.

  3. Landing of Slaves in Jamestown, 1619.

  4. Slaves were brought from Africa in ships like this one, and were seated right next to each other, jammed together, with no room to move.

  5. The Slave Trade Following a triangular route between Africa, the Caribbean, North America, and Europe, slave traders delivered Africans in exchange for products.

  6. After ships docked in the New World, slaves, displayed like livestock, were forced to endure rough inspections from head to foot. Prospective buyers evaluated their teeth and bones, pawing over them as if they were animals.

  7. A slave market in Atlanta, Georgia , 1864

  8. LIFE AS A SLAVE House Slaves House slaves often had easier lives than the field slaves. They were cooks, maids, servants, and nannies.

  9. Field Slaves Slaves were bought to work in plantations, where labor was intensive. They worked from sunrise to sunset every day.

  10. When slave children reached the age of 12, they were sent to work in the fields, where they worked from sunrise to sunset, just like the adults.

  11. Slaves were chained together when they walked to the plantations to work. Slave owners felt they could deny basic human rights to their slaves.

  12. The Slave Codes The Slave Codes robbed the Africans of their freedom. If slaves resisted the code, they could be badly beaten, or even killed.

  13. PUNISHMENT FOR SLAVES Slaves were punished in many ways. If a slave tried to run away, his foot, or leg would be cut off.

  14. The most common way of punishing a slave was by whipping them.

  15. Peter, a slave from Louisiana, in 1863, shows scars that are a result of a whipping by his owner. It took two months to recover from this beating.

  16. After beating and whipping their slaves, owners would sometimes leave the slaves to die, as a lesson to others.

  17. “Stocks” were used as a common way of punishing slaves.

  18. The death-rate among slaves was high. To replace their losses, owners encouraged their slaves to have many children.

  19. The Civil War After the 1860 presidential election, the South seceded from the Union and thus began the Civil War. The Emancipation Proclamation of 1863 made the abolition of slavery an official war goal, and it was implemented throughout the war.

  20. The Ending of Slavery With the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution in December 1865, slavery was officially abolished in all areas of the United States.

  21. Thirteenth Amendment Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States. Section 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

  22. LIFE AFTER SLAVERY When slavery ended, ex-slaves were allowed to wonder freely, but they still didn’t have the same rights as everyone else.

  23. Efforts to re-enslave the freed men led Congressional Republicans to seize control of the country’s “Reconstruction” from President Andrew Johnson, a strong supporter of slavery.

  24. The Fourteenth Amendment Representatives from the former Confederate states and their Congressional delegation, pass the Civil Rights Act of 1866, and write the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution to extend citizenship rights to African Americans. They were now guaranteed equal protection under the law.

  25. Frederick Douglass was one of the foremost leaders of the abolitionist movement, which fought to end slavery within the United States, even before the Civil War began.

  26. America was the only region in the western hemisphere in which slavery was overthrown by force of arms, and the only region in which former slaves received civil and political rights. Even with the rights former slaves received, it was many years before anything really changed for the better for black Americans, or has it.

  27. Slavery In America

  28. Created by Kendra Villanueva Thank You.