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Lesson 4 Tree Identification PowerPoint Presentation
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Lesson 4 Tree Identification

Lesson 4 Tree Identification

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Lesson 4 Tree Identification

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  1. Lesson 4Tree Identification

  2. Identifying Maple Trees • All native species of Maple trees may be used to produce syrup. • Maple trees are easily identified even after their leaves have fallen because of their opposite budding pattern and thin twigs. • American Beech may also be used as they are part of the maple family. 4.1

  3. Identifying Maple Trees • There are four easily noted tree characteristics that can be used to identify trees when the leaves are not available. • Budding Pattern • Shape of Buds • Shape of Twigs • Bark Pattern 4.2

  4. Budding Patterns • The following are the two common budding patterns found in hardwood (non-coniferous) trees. • Opposite • Buds or branches are found directly across from each other. • Alternate • Buds or branches are found alternating from side to side. 4.3

  5. Alternate Budding 4.4

  6. Opposite Budding 4.5

  7. American Beech Fagus grandifolia • Budding Pattern - Alternate • Buds - Seven times as long as wide. • Twigs - Thin • Bark - Silver and smooth. This is the tree many people carve words into. 4.6

  8. American Beech www.dcnr.state.pa.us/ forestry/commontr/sugar.htm 4.7

  9. Sugar MapleAcer saccharum • Budding Pattern - Opposite • Buds - Sharp and pointed. • Twigs - Thin • Bark - Rough with the long irregular vertical plates that peal away from the trunk. 4.8

  10. Sugar Maple www.dcnr.state.pa.us/ forestry/commontr/sugar.htm 4.9

  11. Red MapleAcer rubrum • Budding Pattern - Opposite • Buds - Blunt or rounded red buds. • Twigs - Thin • Bark - Young growth 4-8 inches have smooth light gray bark that gives way to gray or black ridges. 4.10

  12. Red Maple www.dcnr.state.pa.us/ forestry/commontr/sugar.htm 4.11

  13. Silver MapleAcer saccharinum • Budding Pattern - Opposite • Buds - Clumps of blunt or rounded red buds. • Twigs - Thin • Bark - Similar to Red Maple. 4.12

  14. Silver Maple www.dcnr.state.pa.us/ forestry/commontr/sugar.htm 4.13

  15. Norway MapleAcer platanoides • Budding Pattern - Opposite • Buds - Blunt or Rounded • Twigs - Thin • Bark - Smooth bark with a diamond shape pattern similar to an ash tree. • Note: Norway maples are a non-native species planted as ornamental trees and are not commonly used to produce maple syrup. 4.14

  16. Norway Maple www.dcnr.state.pa.us/ forestry/commontr/sugar.htm 4.15