History of the Typewriter Test Date: January 10, 2014
Through the Years The typewriter went through several innovative phases before the invention of the computer keyboard.
The Noble Prize winner American Writer, William Faulkner has written many critically acclaimed short stories, plays, screenplays, essays and novels. He is considered to be one of the most important writers of the American southern literature He enrolled at the University of Mississippi and was also a member of the Alpha Epsilon social fraternity. In 1929, Faulkner married his teenage love Estelle Oldham. They lived at Rowan Oak with their daughter Jill until Estelle’s death after which the property was sold to The University of Mississippi.
Evolution of the Typewriter • Writing- everything was done by hand • Mechanical Typewriter • Electric Typewriter • Word processors • Keyboard
Christopher Latham Sholes • Inventor of the Mechanical Typewriter in 1868 • Known as the Savior for Women • Invented over 30 machines that only existed on paper • He licensed his patent to Remington & Sons, noted American gun maker
Why was the typewriter invented? • The evolution of the typewriter is part of the ongoing history of the human need to communicate. This machine emerged and revolutionized the work of the writer. It speeded up communication and the binding of books.
Types of Typewriter • Dvorak-increase typing speeds over the QWERTY layout • Qwerty- Universal Keyboard- what we are using today
Remington Arms Company • Christopher Sholes lacked the patience required to market a new product and decided to sell the rights to the typewriter to James Densmore. He, in turn, convinced Philo Remington to market the device. The first "Sholes & Glidden Typewriter" was offered for sale in 1874 but was not an instant success. A few years later, improvements made by Remington engineers gave the typewriter machine its market appeal and sales skyrocketed
QWERTY • The Sholes typewriter had a type-bar system and the universal keyboard was the machine's novelty, however, the keys jammed easily. To solve the jamming problem, another business associate, James Densmore, suggested splitting up keys for letters commonly used together to slow down typing. This became today's standard "QWERTY" keyboard.
Why QWERTY? • The process of the type bars in the earliest typewriters was labeled slow, and tended to jam frequently. • To fix this problem, Mr. Sholes obtained a list of the most common letters used in the English language, he rearranged his keyboard from a alphabetic arrangement to one in which the most common pairs of letters were spread far apart on the keyboard. • Because of the "hunt and peck" method used by typist at the time, Sholes's arrangement increased the time it took for the typist to hit the keys for common two letter combination.
When was the first Typewriter sold? • In 1874, the Remington Model 1, the first commercial typewriter, was placed on the market. • The first electric typewriter was built by Thomas Alva Edison in the United States in 1872.
Social History • The typewriter gave women jobs in the office and an opportunity to work as freelance typewriters in offices where a fulltime use for the machine wasn't feasible yet. In that sense the invention of the typewriter played a major role in eventually giving women economic power, an equal position in the labor force, and a voice in business.
The World First Fastest Typist • Barbara Blackburn was the fastest English language typist in the world, according to The Guinness Book of World Records. She has been clocked at a peak speed of 212 wpm. Blackburn failed her typing class in high school. She became so popular she appeared on the David Letterman Show.