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Famous Pirates

Famous Pirates

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Famous Pirates

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  1. Famous Pirates Part II

  2. Bartholomew Roberts1682-1722 • Born in Wales • Very capable navigator • Sailing under capitan Howell Davis • Disrupts the West African slave trade • Walter Kennedy’s mutiny • Articles/pirate code • Dies in battle • Combines several quintessential characteristics • The reluctant pirate • The pirate favored by fortune • The pirate who chooses the occupation because it’s better than his previous conditions

  3. Edward “Ned” Low1690-1724 • Born in poverty • Known for his cruelty • Was once married, and became sentimental when drunk • Attacked ships of all nations, indiscriminately • Common tactic: false flag • His exploits: one of the reasons for the Intensified hunting and hanging of pirates • He did follow a code of conduct, his articles surprisingly fair, although emphasizing punishment • Not much is known about his death Engraving by J. Nicholls, fragment

  4. Anne Bonny1702-1782 (?) • Illegitimate daughter of a lawyer • Father changed occupations in the New World, accumulated fortune, but disowned her when she married a sailor • Temperamental • Mistress of Jack Rackham (“Calico Jack”) and childbirth • Meeting Mary Read • Trial and postponement • No record of execution or release Two versions of illustrations for A General History of Pyrates

  5. Mary Readd. 1721 • Illegitimate child • Disguised as a boy from an early age • Life in the military • Marriage to a Flemish soldienr • Rejoined the Dutch army for a short while • Forced into piracy; pardon; privateering; mutiny • Aboard Calico Jack’s ship • Trial, postponement, and death

  6. William Kidd1645-1701 • Born in Scotland • Privateer accused of piracy • Sensational trial; questioning before the English Parliament • Comparatively speaking, not especially spectacular career as a privateer/pirate • One of the first victims of an overzealous enacting of law • Origins of the buried treasure trope portrait by Sir James Thornhill

  7. François L'Olonnais1635-1688 • Born Jean-David Nau • The pirate name is essentially “the Frenchman from Sables-d’Olonne” • Indentured servant • Buccaneer • Sacks of Maracaibo and Gibraltar : “Bane of the Spanish” • Known for his extreme cruelty • His death matches in gore many of his deeds Illustration to Esquemeling’sThe History of the Bucaneers of America.

  8. Jean LaFitte1776-1823 • Late-era pirate, during a time when all colonial powers enforced strict rules against piracy • Smuggler • Involved in the defense of New Orleans, helping Gen. Andrew Jackson in 1815 • Spying for the Spanish during the Mexican War of Independence • Pirate colony on Galveston Island • Speculation about his death Anon. portrait, XIX century, inverted fragment