infinitive or ing form n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Infinitive or ING form PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Infinitive or ING form

Infinitive or ING form

293 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

Infinitive or ING form

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Infinitive or ING form EOI

  2. Sometimes we need to decide whether to use a verb in its: • -ing form (doing, singing)or • infinitive form (to do, to sing). • For instance, only one of the following sentences is correct. Which one? I’ve just decided buying a new car. (?) I’ve just decided to buy a new car. (?)

  3. When to use the infinitive • The infinitive form is used after certain verbs: - forget, help, learn, teach, train- choose, expect, hope, need, offer, want, would like- agree, encourage, pretend, promise, recommend- allow, can/can't afford, decide, manage, mean, refuse I agreed to go with her. He decided to leave the party early. Why are they encouragedto learn English? We can't affordto take a long holiday. ! For the negative form we use “not” before the infinitive: I agreed not to go with her.

  4. The infinitive form is always used after adjectives, for example:- disappointed, glad, happy, pleased, relieved, sad, surprised I was happyto help them. • This includes too + adjective: The water was too coldto swim in. • The infinitive form is used after adjective + enough: She is rich enoughto buy two.

  5. When to use -ing • The -ing form is used when the word is the subject of a sentence or clause: Swimming is good exercise. Doctors say that smoking is bad for you. • The -ing form is used after a preposition: I look forward tomeeting you. They left withoutsaying "Goodbye."

  6. The -ing form is used after certain verbs:- avoid, dislike, enjoy, finish, give up, mind/not mind, practise, deny, postpone, fancy, admit, miss, involve, imagine I dislikegetting up early. Would you mindopening the window? ! For the negative form we use “not” before the gerund: Would you mind not opening the window? It’s cold outside.

  7. Gerund and infinitive • Some verbs can be followed by the -ing form or the infinitive without a big change in meaning: begin, continue, hate, intend, like, love, prefer, propose, start. It started to rain / It started raining. I like to play tennis / I like playing tennis.

  8. Fill in the blanks with the infinitive or ing form • 1. We like ______ our grandmother on Sundays. (visit) • 2. It wasn’t a nice day, so we decided _____ for a walk. (not go) • 3. My father hates _____a tie to work. (wear) • 4. We can't afford ______ a vacation this summer. (take) • 5. The company was pleased ______ your thank-you letter. (receive) • 6. Our neighbour threatened _______ the police. (call) • 7. I hope ______ a job soon. (find)

  9. 8. Would you mind _____ a window? (open) • 9. She was too proud _____ the truth. (tell) • 10. She cannot leave the table without ______ her dinner. (finish) • 11. The music will continue _______until you turn it off. (play) • 12. My little brother dislikes ______his hair brushed. (not have) • 13. Men aren’t very good at ______ women’s thoughts. (guess) • 14._________ is bad for your health. (smoke)