Download
all images are from www chem4kids com n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
All images are from Chem4kids PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
All images are from Chem4kids

All images are from Chem4kids

149 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

All images are from Chem4kids

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Determining Shells & Valence Electrons All images are from www.Chem4kids.com

  2. Periods • Each row is called a “period” • The elements in each period have the same number of shells 1st Period = 1 Shell 2nd Period = 2 Shells 3rd Period = 3 Shells 4th Period = 4 Shells www.chem4kids.com

  3. Groups Group 8 = 8 electrons Group 1 = 1 electron Except for He, it has 2 electrons Group 2 = 2 electrons • Each column is called a “group” 3,4,5,6,7 • Each element in a group has the same number of electrons in their outer orbital, also known as “shells”. • The electrons in the outer shell are called “valence electrons” www.chem4kids.com

  4. Transition Metals • Transition Metals have slightly different rules for shells and valence electrons. • This is something you will learn about in High School Chemistry. www.chem4kids.com

  5. Determine the number of shells and the number of valence electrons for: Carbon - C 2nd Period = 2 shells 4th Group = 4 valence electrons www.chem4kids.com

  6. Determine the number of shells and the number of valence electrons for: Sodium - Na 3rd Period = 3 shells 1st Group = 1 valence electron www.chem4kids.com

  7. Write your answers on your handout. Ne Name the element. Number of shells ? Valence electrons ?

  8. Write your answers on your handout. Ne Name the element. Number of shells ? Valence electrons ? Neon 2nd Period = 2 shells 8th Group = 8 valence electrons

  9. Write your answers on your handout. H Name the element. Number of shells ? Valence electrons ?

  10. Write your answers on your handout. H Name the element. Number of shells ? Valence electrons ? Hydrogen 1st Period = 1 shell 1st Group = 1 valence electron

  11. Write your answers on your handout. Be Name the element. Number of shells ? Valence electrons ?

  12. Write your answers on your handout. Be Name the element. Number of shells ? Valence electrons ? Beryllium 2nd Period = 2 shells 2nd Group = 2 valence electrons

  13. Write your answers on your handout. S Name the element. Number of shells ? Valence electrons ?

  14. Write your answers on your handout. S Name the element. Number of shells ? Valence electrons ? Sulfur 3rd Period = 3 shells 6th Group = 6 valence electrons

  15. Write your answers on your handout. K Name the element. Number of shells ? Valence electrons ?

  16. Write your answers on your handout. K Name the element. Number of shells ? Valence electrons ? Potassium 4th Period = 4 shells 1st Group = 1 valence electron

  17. Write your answers on your handout. He Name the element. Number of shells ? Valence electrons ?

  18. Write your answers on your handout. He Name the element. Number of shells ? Valence electrons ? Helium 1st Period = 1 shell 8th Group = 2 valence electrons • Helium is the exception in Group 8. • Since it has just one shell, that shell can only fit 2 electrons instead of 8. • It is in this group because all the elements have a full outer shell.