PED 191 The Field and Subdisciplines of Kinesiology
Kinesiology as a field • Most general description of an area of study • Includes the content matter of the field • Includes the various associated professions
Kinesiology as a field • An academic discipline • The body of knowledge - the “stuff” that is unique to that particular area • Must have a “social service” • Law • Medicine • Religion • Education
Kinesiology as a field • 1. A discipline that uses intellectual techniques • Henry (1964): “...an organized body of knowledge collectively embraced in a formal course of learning. The acquisition of such knowledge is assumed to be an adequate and worthy objective as such, without any demonstration or requirement of practical application. The content is theoretical and scholarly, as distinguished from technical and professional.”
Kinesiology as a field • 2. Disciplinarians: the scholars (usually professors) who add to the body of knowledge of the discipline • Long period of training (usually two post-graduate degrees - masters and doctorate) • Scholarly
Kinesiology as a field • Unique subject matter • If not “unique” then it is not a separate field • Question - does “kinesiology” own physical activity?
Kinesiology as a field • Professionals who have a long period of training in the disciplinary and professional subject matter. • Professionals access the subject matter through their journals, other media • Note connection between professionals and disciplinarians • Practical: professionals “do” the field
Kinesiology as a field • Clarified code of ethics • Ethics: right behavior • Teachers dating students? • Lawyers revealing client secrets? • Priests revealing sins? • Doctors valuing money or health? • Organizations enforce the code
Kinesiology as a field • Agencies dedicated to preparing disciplinarians and professionals • Universities • Professional credentialing/licensing programs
Kinesiology as a field • Doctors? • Lawyers? • Educators? • Physical activity professionals? • Coaches? • Athletes?
Kinesiology Subdisciplines • Sport pedagogy - “PETE” • Body of knowledge: efficacy of teaching techniques • Difficult achieving a recognized body of knowledge • Judgment based human science? • Or empirically validated body of knowledge?
Kinesiology Subdisciplines • The sciences • Exercise physiology • Biomechanics • Motor behavior • Empirically validated body of knowledge • Positivist - belief in “certain” knowledge • Modern • Culturally accepted
Kinesiology Subdisciplines • Exercise physiology • Metabolism: (from Greek μεταβολισμος "metabolismos") • Biochemical modification of chemical compounds in living organisms and cells. • Includes the biosynthesis of complex organic molecules (anabolism) and their breakdown (catabolism).
Kinesiology Subdisciplines • Academic divisions • Cardiovascular and metabolic • Biochemistry • Cardiac rehabilitation • Professional foundations • Athletic training, strength training, adult fitness/wellness, corporate fitness, personal fitness training
Kinesiology Subdisciplines • Biomechanics - the first “kinesiology” • Study of the human body in motion • Anatomy and mechanics • Mechanics: (Greek Μηχανική) branch of physics concerned with the behavior of physical bodies when subjected to forces or displacements, and the subsequent effect of the bodies on their environment.
Kinesiology Subdisciplines • Anatomy • Origin • Insertion • Action • Geometry - use of mathematical expression to describe movements • Newton’s Laws of Motion
Kinesiology Subdisciplines • Motor behavior - “motor” means the human body as an “engine” • Processes that lead to physical activity • Related to psychology, biomechanics, and PETE • Movement control, how it changes over time, for people of all ages
Kinesiology Subdisciplines • Social Sciences • Sport psychology • Sport sociology
Kinesiology Subdisciplines • Humanities • Sport philosophy • Sport history • Sport literature