PED 191 Terms and Definitions of Physical Education
Play • amusements engaged in voluntarily, for fun, and it has no limitations imposed on it from without (time, space, order).
Leisure • time spent in non-compulsory activities, time spent away from cares and toils. • The moment of creativity • Humans at our best
Recreation • Refresh or renew one’s strength, spirit, or mind • Healthy and refreshing to the mind and body. • Tends to be purposeful (usually fun)
Games • activities that create winners and losers, usually played; range from simple diversions to competitions with significant outcomes governed by rules.
Sport • “Modern Sport” • Organized games - we can tell they are organized because there is an organization! NFL, NCAA, state HSAA • Written rules • National, international level competitions
Sport • Specializations - athlete, fan, manager • Public information • Statistics and records
Athlete (noun) • Specialized role in sport • Greek: one who competes for a prize • Not to be confused with “athletic” (adjective) • Are “gym rats” athletes?
Work • Absence of play/absence of leisure • Remuneration (do it for $$) • Loss of control of rules
Exercise • practice, strengthen, or condition through physical activity.
Kinesiology • The study of physical activity. • This term includes every aspect of our field, and is the most inclusive.
Physical Education • a process through which an individual obtains optimal physical, mental, and social skills and fitness through physical activity. • Used most commonly to include teaching movement in K-12 schools.
Physical Education • One is changed in one of three fundamental ways: physically, emotionally, and/or intellectually.
“Domains” • Ontological - the nature of a person • Intellectual (cognitive) • Bodily (motor) • Affective (social)
Cognitive domain • the intellectual aspect of a person; acquisition, comprehension, analysis, synthesis, application, and evaluation of knowledge • Does physical activity change the cognitive domain?
Psychomotor domain • the bodily, physical aspect of a person • understood that the mind and the body work together to coordinate and execute movements; fundamental movement and game skills. • Embodiment
Affective domain • emotional/psychological aspect of a person • the development of attitudes, appreciations, and values; contains both social and emotional dimensions. • What is your “affect?”