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adrienne o neill fall 2008 energy technology and policy n.
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Energy and the Built Environment PowerPoint Presentation
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Energy and the Built Environment

Energy and the Built Environment

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Energy and the Built Environment

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  1. Adrienne O’Neill Fall 2008 Energy Technology and Policy Energy and the Built Environment

  2. Austin Population Growth Source: http://www.ci.austin.tx.us/demographics/

  3. Austin Student Demographics • UT enrollment • 1960: 20,396 • 1975: 42,589 • 2008: 50,006 • 2005 Campus Area Housing • UT campus: 7K • West Campus: 12K • North Campus: 5K • Total= 35K • West Campus zoning • Many years of latent demand http://www.ci.austin.tx.us/demographics/

  4. Current West Campus development South area of West Campus North area of West Campus http://austinzoning.typepad.com/austincontrarian/2008/01/west-campus.html

  5. The US has a lot of land By 2050, US estimated population will be 420 million, (www.census.gov) 100 million more people must be added to urban areas http://www.radicalcartography.net/density-values.png

  6. Density Issues • Lower Urban Density (sprawl) • Imperative for car usage, higher daily vehicle miles traveled per capita • Decreased car gas mileage due to congestion • Public transportation is inefficient • Higher Infrastructure costs • Roads (asphalt) • Water conveyance (pumping and materials) • Single Family homes have poor energy efficiency compared to multi-family • Surface area, materials use , capital energy cost • Sprawl displaces farming, higher food transportation costs to the urban area

  7. Road Transportation and Density • http://www.worldwatch.org/node/1730

  8. Density and Walking/Public Transportation http://austinzoning.typepad.com/austincontrarian/2008/09/the-association-between-density-and-mode-of-commuting.html

  9. Barcelona vs. Atlanta Source: Bertaud

  10. Examples • Development principles • New Urbanism • Smart Growth • Cities that have changed development patterns • Curitiba • Portland Questions?

  11. References • Austin Contrarian (austinzoning.typepad.com/) • City of Austin Demographer (www.ci.austin.tx.us/demographics) • WorldWatch Institute (www.worldwatch.org) • Burchell, Robert. “The Costs of Sprawl-Revisited” • Alain Bertaud. “The Spatial Organization of Cities: Deliberate Outcome or Unforeseen Consequence?”