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Do Roads Connect or Divide? The Other Side of the Road ...... PowerPoint Presentation
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Do Roads Connect or Divide? The Other Side of the Road ......

Do Roads Connect or Divide? The Other Side of the Road ......

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Do Roads Connect or Divide? The Other Side of the Road ......

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  1. Do Roads Connect or Divide? The Other Side of the Road ......

  2. Table of contents • The economic and social impact of roads • Meeting the need: roads in Afghanistan • Apartheid spatial planning using roads in South Africa • Use of roads to divide communities: West Bank, Palestine • Equity in road use • Road engineering standards and roads accidents • Gated communities • Conclusions

  3. Economic and social impacts of roads • Increased access to the market and town • Increased production • Empowerment • Access to education, health, community • Reduced transport costs

  4. Connecting people in Afghanistan Outcomes of new roads following the war in Afghanistan: School attendance increased Access to clinics and hospital increased Travel times to clinic or hospital declined Access to the market improved

  5. Apartheid Spartial Planning using roads in South Africa

  6. Use of roads to divide communities in West Bank, Palestine 4

  7. Equity in road use 5

  8. Road engineering standards and roads accidents • Road and transport planning does not provide adequate integration between different road classes in new developments; • Road guidelines do not reflect the special needs of some road users, such as older drivers, visually impaired pedestrians, children, elderly people, people with mobility limitations, and users of lower-speed alternative transportation devices; • Roads standards do not adequately address trade-off between conflicting demands that are related to important road user characteristics; • Roads specifications may not address specific combinations of roadway design features that can have an impact on road user behaviour and subsequent safety. 6 6

  9. Roads planning and engineering standards • This road in Mbombela remains very dangerous. There is now a wider sidewalk. • However the through traffic travels too fast. No one abides by the speed limit. • The type of development along the road does not support pedestrian-focused urban planning. • The bus stops are not near an intersection and therefore people try to run across the road. • Measures introduced do not make the environment safer. • Vulnerable passengers cannot travel and the environment is not safe for anyone. 7

  10. Wrong application: road widening This development is taking place on NMT routes to many schools, in a bus route and next to a park. Road widening at junctions makes the traffic speed up approaching the junction and makes it harder for pedestrians to cross 8 This increases the likelihood of pedestrian accidents and means that vulnerable people are more at risk

  11. How we plan cities: gated communities This developments are contrary to the cities Integrated Development Plans (IDP), and do not support Comprehensive Integrated Transport Plans (CITP) IDP and CITP promotes integrateddevelopment 9

  12. Conclusion • Department of Transport has given a lot of thought to new public transport systems • Transit orientated development has been mooted as necessary around new public transport systems • This can’t work without a change in approach to the design of cities • Regulations that support the implementation of universal design are now 11 years old. Why are they not being implemented? • Roads standards in current use were developed in the 1960’s-1980’s – how could it be that these do not support the continuation of the apartheid city? • Roads standards at national level are voluntary. So why are these apartheid standards being enforced at provincial level without recognition • Unless we think this through, we can’t make the new transport systems work and we can’t do ToD. The effect of roads standards in their current form makes it too expensive for government to implement its own policy • Who is being hijacked? 10

  13. Recommendations • While the old road standards are being reviewed and new one implemented much still need to be done in ensuring that this roads connect communities in instead of deadly traps • Development should be holistic and prioritise the needs of all the road users • Development of gated communities, malls, and RDP houses should be accompanied by safe pedestrian side walks, public transport facilities or terminals • In order to reduce the accidents the road design should prioritise the needs of the vulnerable including the passengers with disabilities 111