Defining Folk Culture • Folk cultures are small, homogenous groups in usually separate areas with unique customs. • Folk Cultures have a more clustered distribution. • These cultures are spread mostly by relocation diffusion. • Sometimes a folk trait had independent inventions • Folk or local cultures are maintained by customs (traditions) • In response to fear of modern world, some groups go back to customs of their area, called neolocalism, like battle reenactments.
Rural Folk Cultures • Easier to maintain folk culture in rural, isolated areas. • Local environment influences much of folk culture • Many economic or daily activities have customs attached to them. • Ex: Anabaptist groups like the Amish
Urban Local Cultures • Local cultures in cities are often found in ethnic neighborhoods or ethnic enclaves. • They maintain culture through festivals, parades, architecture, holidays, but it’s more difficult. • Chinatowns, Little Tokyos, etc.
Folk Cuisine • Folk cuisine is usually highly influenced by the local environment, called terrior by French. • Northern Europe uses lots of roasting since it had lots of wood for fuel, and heated homes. • Folk cultures develop attractions or taboos to certain foods. • The bull or jaguar in Paraguay was thought to make natives strong, swift and brave (attraction). • Hindus avoid eating beef (taboo).
Question? Does your family have a tradition in how food is prepared, served, or eaten? Are there certain beliefs about food your family follows?
Folk Architecture • Local materials are often used in folk housing. • Brick and wood are the most common. • There are many beliefs/customs in the decoration and arrangement of the home. • Many folk cultures have sacred walls.
Folk Art and Music • Folk music is usually simple and has anonymous origin. • Folk music is influenced by local instruments and the messages are about daily activities, life events or mysterious acts of nature.
Summary Create a bubble map describing Folk Culture