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Operation Torch

Operation Torch

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Operation Torch

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  1. Operation Torch • Operation Torch began on November 8, 1942 • It was an Allied campaign to push the Axis powers out of French North Africa • The goal was to clear the way for the navy to enter the Mediterranean

  2. The assaulting force was split into three task forces • General Patton was in command of the western task force responsible for Casablanca • These assaults were then followed by a push into Tunisia

  3. Casablanca • It was decided that the western attack force wouldn’t utilise a preliminary bombardment, as it was hoped that the French would not resist the Allies • This was the wrong move, as the French proceeded to retaliate against the invading forces

  4. The assault on Oran was impeded by unexpected resistance • This was due to the lack of proper reconnaissance on the landing areas. • Airborne troopers captures the airports, allowing the success of the amphibious assault.

  5. Algiers • The French resistance fighters staged a planned coup in the cities • This allowed the Eastern Task Force to take the ports with much less resistance

  6. Tunisia • After the three pronged assault the Allies consolidated their power and pushed into Tunisia • After a struggle from Rommel, the Axis forces were defeated. • Rommel was replaced before the final battles, allowing him to participate in more conflicts

  7. Battle of Dieppe • Was an Allied attack on the German occupied port of Dieppe • Started on the 19th of August, 1942 • The plan was to take the port, and hold it for two tides and destroy the defences present before withdrawing.

  8. The Battle of Dieppe served as a guide as what not to do in amphibious operations • There was no artillery support, or aerial bombardment • No element of surprise • Lack of reconnaissance

  9. Needless to say, Dieppe was an operational failure for the Allies • The Canadians lost 3367 men, while the Germans lost 311, almost 10 times less • The objectives were not met

  10. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dieppe_Raid • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Torch • https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQBPSaUyKCyXJyE6KbAaCATYpbyjkbIUs3t338ZX_HFc9rr3wRirA • https://encrypted-tbn3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRp_pZHhpPzl-0lJzOFZLdE6NA8SRvcLz0_u2JNooi9MfDH_kwN7Q