Second AIACC Latin American and Caribbean Regional Workshop Buenos Aires, Argentina, August 24-27, 2004
Global Change “Changes in the global environment (including alterations in the climate, land productivity, oceans or other water resources, atmospheric chemistry, and ecological systems) that may alter the capacity of the earth to sustain life.”
IGBP ENRICH IAI APN WCRP IHDP REGIONAL ORGANIZATIONS FOR GLOBAL CHANGE RESEARCH DIVERSITAS
INTER-AMERICAN INSTITUTE FOR GLOBAL CHANGE RESEARCH Agreement of Montevideo, 1992 Signatory and Ratifying Countries (Agreement entered into force: March 11, 1994) 1. Argentina 16. Perú 2. Bolivia 17. USA 3. Brasil 18. Uruguay 4. Canada 19. Venezuela 5. Chile 6. Colombia 7. Costa Rica 8. Cuba 9. República Dominicana 10. Ecuador 11. Guatemala 12. Jamaica 13. México 14. Panamá 15. Paraguay
IAI Main Goals Conduct and promote research on global change and their interaction with human activities [Agreement Art.II a) to e), g), h)] Improve public awareness and serve as an effective interface between science and the governmental policy process [Agreement Art II, f)]
IAI framework Constituent bodies: CoP, EC, SAC, Directorate Programmatic framework: Science agenda Structure: Distributed network of national and international research and policy institutions Activities: Science program and funded research, CRN, SGP, Grants, SF Training and education Support to workshops, conferences and seminars Surveys (priorities of GEC research) Data and information system Newsletter Listserver
Conference of the Parties Scientific Advisory Committee Executive Council IAI Directorate
IAI SCIENTIFIC AGENDA • Understanding Climate Change and Variability in the Americas • Comparative Studies of Ecosystem, Biodiversity, Land Use and Cover, and Water Resources in the Americas • Understanding Global Change Modulations of the Composition of the Atmosphere, Oceans and Fresh Waters • Understanding the Human Dimensions and Policy Implications of Global Change, Climate Variability and Land Use ...
PRESENT NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL PARTNERSHIPS FOR IAI IGBP, IHDP, WCRP, DIVERSITAS, APN, ENRICH, IRI START, UN agencies (WMO, UNDP) U. of Miami INPE U. of Indiana NASA UNAM IAI CICESE NOAA National Scientific Programs International Scientific Programs ANPCyT NSERC CNPq NSF CONICYT’s GEF National and International Funding Agencies and Programs
Strategy for IAI Programmatic Development Assembling scientific teams and planning research Developing research networks Collaborative Research Network Program (CRN) 1999-2004 ~ 10 M U$S Start-up Grant Program (SG) 1996-1997 ~1.7 M U$S PESCA 2000-2001 US$ 300,000 11 projects – 12 countries Promoting initial scientific activities • Initial Science Program (ISP): • - Round I: 1996-1999 • - Round II: 1997-2000 • Round III: 1998-2001 • ~4 M U$S Small Grants Program SGP-I2002-2003 $ 385,000 16 projects – 12 countries SGP-II 2003-2004 $ 740,000 22 projects – 16 countries Future programs to develop research networks (CRN-II?)
Evolution of IAI Research & Training Activities Overtime CRN II ? 2005 SGP-II 2003 -I 2003 2004
IAI Training Activities 2003 (Summer Institutes) IAI Training Activities 2004 (Institutes) IHDP- IAI 2004 Global Environmental Change Institute on Globalisation and Food Systems Scientific Workshop and Science-Policy Forum October 24 – November 6, 2004, Nicoya, Costa Rica IAI Institute on Urbanization and Global Environmental Change in Latin America Mexico City, Mexico, September 27-October 8, 2004
Forum: IAI: Moving forward. 10th Anniversary of the entry into force of the “Montevideo Declaration” Buenos Aires, 1st July 2004 • Recommendations • To reaffirm the Institute’s major objectives: regional-level scientific research, scientific and technical excellence, network building, multinational collaboration, training support to young scientists, capacity building, and policy relevance. • To encourage the Directorate to take into account the results of the recent survey requesting country priorities on global change research when implementing its programs and activities, paying particular attention to the preferred themes and subjects of the Science Agenda • - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - • To develop appropriate regional scenarios to improve the projection capacity of regional climate models for better assessing the effects of climate change and variability.
Results of survey on national priorities on Global Change Research 115 letters sent, 21 replies received from 10 countries (Canada, Chile, Cuba, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Panama, Peru, Uruguay, USA) • All responses indicated as priority Theme I of the Science Agenda with particular emphasis in the area of scenarios, impacts, vulnerability and adaptation • The second most frequent subjects were those related to Theme IV with emphasis on health and environmental issues and vulnerability of human settlements • Then comes Theme II focusing on impacts of global change in biodiversity and Theme III with some emphasis on coastal processes • General comments on Science Agenda: • more integration of the different dimensions of global change • more relevance to education and training • greater attention and support for inter-American science assessments, as the bridging mechanisms between science and policy
www.iai.int Second AIACC Latin American and Caribbean Regional Workshop Buenos Aires, Argentina, August 24-27, 2004