English Modal Verbs ? Do You Know By Bahrom Almardanov
Section Two Section One Section Five Simple Modal Verbs Basic Information about Modal Verbs Final Test Section Four Section Three Compound Modal Verbs and their functions Past forms of Modal Verbs and their functions
What are Modal Verbs ? • Modal verbs are special verbs which behave very differently from normal verbs. Here are some important differences:
1. Modal verbs do not take "-s" in the third person. • EXAMPLES:He can speak Russian.She should go now. My wife may join us for the dinner.
2. You use "not" to make modal verbs negative, even in Simple Present and Simple Past. • EXAMPLES:You should not be late. I can not come to at 6pm. He may notlike this idea. You must not disturb him now, he is busy. They didn’t must do it. NOT CORRECT
3. Many modal verbs cannot be used in the past tenses or the future tenses. • EXAMPLES:He will can go with us. NOT CORRECTShe musted study very hard. NOT CORRECT It mayed show yesterday. NOT CORRECT
1 2 3 Are you ready to practice?
Which sentence has a modal verb? • We have been arguing over this issue for half and hour, let’s change the topic. • Do not turn on that computer, it is not working properly. We need to fix it. • Let’s visit our grandpa, we have not seen him since Christmas.
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Please choose the correct sentence • He cans climb the rocks. • He canned climb the rocks. • He can climb the rocks.
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Please choose correct negative form of modal verb • I don’t can do it now, I am very busy till 5pm. • You must don’t smoke here, this place is smoke free. • He should not procrastinate his assignments, he may not get good grades.
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Section Two Simple Modal Verbs “Can” “May” “Must”
"CAN" is used • to express general ability • to express possibility / impossibility • to ask a permission (informal)
Back to section two EXAMPLES: • I can sing and play the guitar. • Anyone can learn how to use Computers if they want to. • Can you help me to fix my door? Take the test
"MAY" is used • to express possibility • to ask or to give a permission (formal) • to make requests
Back to section two EXAMPLES: • He may come late today. • You may use my Computer now. • May I make a phone call? Take the test
"MUST" is used • to express certainty • to express necessity • to make a strong recommendation
Back to section two EXAMPLES: • You must be tired now, you have worked all day long. • I must have a visa to go to Canada. • CEP 811 is a very interesting class, you must take it too. Take the test
Can Will Do Choose the best answer • If you want to get a better feeling for how the city is laid out, you_______________ walk downtown and explore the waterfront.
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Good Job!!! Super! Can May Must
Does May Can Choose the best answer • Today is cloudy, it ________________ rain.
Good Job!!! Terrific! Can May Must
Very Sorry Try Again! See the rules
Can May Must Choose the best answer • Ted's flight from Uzbekistan took more than 11 hours. He ________________ be exhausted after such a long flight.
Good Job!!! Outstanding!
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Continue Quit If you have not studied one of these verbs, click on it. Can May Must If you have, click here
“Could” “Would” “Should” “Might” Section Three Past forms of Modal Verbs and their functions
"Could" is used • to express general ability in the past, because it is the past form of the “Can” • to express possible future actions similar to “May and Might” in meaning • to make a request or ask something • to express unreal or impossible actions
Back to section three Take the test #1 Take the test #2 EXAMPLES: • We tried hard but we could not persuade them to come with us. • My grandfather could not swim. • When you go to Uzbekistan, you could stay with me. • Could you tell me what time it is? • I don’t know how she works 14 hours a day in front of the computer, I could not do this.
"Would" is used • to express future in the past because it is the past form of “Will” • to express unreal action in the present • to ask someone to do something (formal), (structure: If + you + would+ verb)
Back to section three Take the test #1 Take the test #2 EXAMPLES: • He told me that he would come and fix this computer yesterday. • I would be very frightened if someone pointed a gun at me. • If we did not go to their party next week, she would be very upset. • I’d be very grateful if you would come and help me move to my new apartment.
"Should" is used • to ask or give advice or recommendation • often after these verbs: suggest, propose, recommend, insist, demand. • If you think that if person is likely to do something with less certainty or accidentally, you can use this structure: If + you + should+ verb or Should + you + verb
Back to section three Take the test #1 Take the test #2 EXAMPLES: • I think you should stop smoking, drinking and messing around, instead you should do sometime useful. • They insisted that we should have dinner with them. • He recommended that I should apologize to her for what I said. • If you should see Tom this evening, could you tell him to call me? orShould you see Tom….. • Don’t worry if I should be late tonight.
"Might" is used • to give or ask permission, or possibility in the past, because it is the past form of “May” • to express future or present possibility and probability • Interchangeably with “May” quite often with no difference in meaning.
Back to section three Take the test #1 Take the test #2 EXAMPLES: • She told that he might come in and use her stove. • He might be having lunch now. • It might rain tomorrow. • There may/might not be a meeting tonight, because the director is ill. • I may/might go to Italy this summer.
Can’t Mustn’t Couldn’t # 1. Choose the correct modal verb • Your brother was ill, therefore he _____ go out for a walk.
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May Can Couldn’t Could # 2. Choose the correct modal verb • If he were here, he ____ help you.
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Back to section three Terrific !!! You are on Target
May Can Would Must # 1. Choose the correct verb • Mr. Bond said if she was busy at 10 o'clock, he ____ come to see her later.
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