Bellwork - 3/25/2014 • Copy the information from the board into your planner. Then answer the following questions with information you learned from our unit on Rome. (Write the question and correct answer). • 1) Who was the first Christian emperor? a) Charlemagne b) Constantine c) Caesar • 2) Where did he move the capital of the Roman Empire to? a) Constantinople b) Greece c) Italy • 3) The western Roman Empire fell but the eastern Empire grew. It became known as the __ Empire. a) Turkish b) Byzantine c) European
The Heirs of Rome & PersiaThe Byzantine Empire • The Roman Empire split in 395 A.D. • Constantinople was the capital on the eastern half. • In 527 A.D. Justinian I wanted to make the Byzantine Empire the New Rome.
The Byzantine Empire • He made new laws, Justinian Code, which is the basis for European law today. • Justinian ended China’s monopoly on silk by having it developed in the Byzantine Empire
Justinian rebuilt the Hagia Sophia (one of the oldest Churches still in existence). It was a Christian church in Justinian’s time but eventually became a mosque.
Divisions of Christianity • Religion caused disagreement throughout Christian lands. • One argument was over the use of icons.
Divisions of Christianity • Some thought it was good to use icons to teach illiterate people.
The Great Schism • In 1054 the Christian Church split The Christian Church The Western Empire The Roman Catholic Church The Eastern Empire The Eastern Orthodox Church
The Muslim Empire • By 750 A.D. the Muslim Empire reached from Spain to North Africa through Persia. • Traders in the Muslim empire invented the number system we use today. • As the Empire grew families argued over who should rule.
The Muslim Empire • As time passed Islam split into several groups. The most important of these groups are the Sunni and Shiite.
Rulers and Invaders • In England, King John ruled with more force than most earlier kings. • The lords became angry with his cruelty and forced him to sign the Magna Carta, a document which limited the power of the king and said he needed to obey the law just like everyone else.
Life in the Middle Ages • Serfs- peasants • Manor- Noble’s land • Tenant – someone who pays rent • Vassal- A noble who receives land from a king in return for a service • The Feudal system- a system of trading protection for loyalty
Life in the Middle Ages • Serfs lived on a manor. The serfs were the vassal’s tenant. The rent was paid in services and goods. The serfs would also give the vassals a portion of the harvest. In return the vassal would protect the serfs. The king would protect the vassal’s land.
Bellwork – March 19, 2012 • Copy information in your planner. • Read pages 396-398 and answer the following questions: • How did the Doomsday Book help kings rule their kingdoms? • How did the Magna Carta limit royal power?
Europe in the Middle Ages • After the Roman Empire fell, many tribes ruled Western Europe. • The Franks were the most powerful tribe. • Near 768 Charlemagne, leader of the Franks, conquered most of Western Europe and was crowned, Holy Roman Emperor, by Pope Leo III
Europe in the Middle Ages • The Doomsday Book helped keep track of people in the Middle Ages. • Rulers such as Charlemagne relied on these records to rule their kingdoms.
Rulers and Invaders • Charlemagne’s kingdom fell apart after his death when Vikings (fierce pirates and warriors from Scandinavia) invaded his lands. • A group of Vikings called the Normans settled in Northern France and became church leaders. They were led by William the Conqueror.
Bellwork 3/19/2012 • Draw lines to match the terms with who it came from: • DEMOCRACY Persia • RUGS Rome • REPUBLIC Muslims • ALPHABET Athens • NUMBER SYSTEM Phoenicia
Bellwork 4/6/2011 • Read page 407 • Define: • Palestine • Pope Urban II • Crusades
The Crusades • 1095 A.D. Pope Urban II called for all Christians to take back Jerusalem. • From 1095 to 1291 A.D. eight Crusades, holy wars for Jerusalem, were fought. • Jerusalem was not taken back. However, the crusades sparked trade in Europe and many people moved from manors to cities.
The Bubonic Plague • In the 1340s A.D. the Bubonic Plague , Black Death, killed 1/4 of the people of Europe. • People were buried together in huge graves • Many serfs revolted against vassals and kings and the popes were blamed for not stopping the plague.