WebQuest Past, Present and Future Bernie Dodge, PhD San Diego State University
THE ANCIENT PAST 1995
The Problem • Too much structure or…. • Too little structure
What Felt New? They got to work right away Their conversations were deep They were engaged I only introduced, debugged and debriefed They were using authentic data
The Short Definition • A WebQuest is simply good teaching with the web.
The Longer Definition: • Constructivist lesson format • Wrapped around a doable and interesting task that is a scaled-down version of something adults do • Most (not necessarily all) material comes from the Web • Resources are pre-selected • Often (though not always) involves students taking on roles • Involves higher level thinking
WebQuest Assumptions • Authentic tasks are more engaging • Learning is enhanced by social interaction among learners • Higher level thinking skill development is essential and needs to start at an early age • Uncertainty and doubt are instructionally useful Lev Vygotsky John Dewey
WebQuest Assumptions • Better to be evolutionary than revolutionary
Balance Structure Freedom
THE RECENT PAST 2003
Imperfect Replication Scavenger Hunt “WebQuests” • Here are 5 URLs. • Answer these 10 questions.
Imperfect Replication Busywork “WebQuests” • First look at this site. • Now look at this one. • Next, play the game at this URL • Now explore this other one. • There. Now you know everything.
Imperfect Replication PowerPoint Cut-and-Paste “WebQuests” • Go to this site • And this one • And this other one over here • Now make a PowerPoint presentation to show what you learned.
THE PRESENT 2006
The Problem • WebQuest development takes too much time • …too much skill • …a resource that teachers don’t always have access to.
The Problem • Technical Skills • Web Editing • FTP • Layout
The Problem • Pedagogical Skills • Constructivism • Higher Level Thinking • Coherence
The Problem • Environmental Support • Peer feedback • Server space
Status Today: Users • Over 29419 users in 114 countries
Status Today: Lessons • 19763 WebQuests created • 14000 of them with over 500 words
Features of QuestGarden • Step-by-step prompted guidance on creating a WebQuest • Browser-based… no software needed • Emphasis on sharing resources and advice • Ability for WebQuest workshop leaders to monitor progress
Features of QuestGarden • WYSIWYG text formatting • Ability to upload pictures and supplementary files • Based on design patterns
Still….imperfection • QuestGarden makes it easy to create great WebQuests. • It also makes it easy to create “WebQuests”.
Bloom’s Taxonomy WebQuests WebExercises
Bernie’s Taxonomy Life Verbs Decide Design Create Predict Analyze Apply Explain Classroom Verbs Know Tell Remember