Jewish Festivals Feasts of the Bible
Shema – Hebrew Shema Israel, Adonaielohenu – Adonaiechad Ve’ahavta et Adonaieloeikah B’khollevavkah Uve’kholnaphshekah Uve’kholm’odekah Ve’ahavtale’reachaKamocha, Amen
Shema Hear O Israel, the Lord is our God. The Lord alone. Love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your might. And Love your neighbor as yourself. Amen.
Isaiah 11:1 – a shoot will come up from the stump of Jesse • Israel is the stump • Jesus is the shoot • We are the branches to bear fruit • Romans 11 • We need to study our Jewish roots
Hanukah Purim 1stMonth Bible calls it Abib
Jewish Feasts • God gave 7 to the Israelites • Centered around agricultural season • 3 were pilgrim festivals – must travel to Jerusalem, Passover, Feast of Weeks, Feast of Tabernacles • God was building pattern/rhythm into their lives • Show God’s faithfulness • Concrete ways to express and follow God’s commands
What does God smell like? • Grilling steak!!! • Every time Jews gathered to worship God, they sacrificed bulls, rams, lambs, pigeons, and birds
Hanukah Purim 1stMonth Bible calls it Abib Yom Kippur Rosh Hashanah Sukkot
Jewish Festivals • Rosh Hashanah – Feast of Trumpets • Announce coming of the king • 10 day time of reflection and repentance • Yom Kippur • Day of Atonement • Sins are taken away – scapegoat • Sukkot – Feast of Tabernacles • God “tabernacles” with us, lives with us • Ends with ceremony and prayers for rain – living water
Hanukah Purim 1stMonth Bible calls it Abib Passover Unleavened Bread First Fruits Yom Kippur Rosh Hashanah Sukkot
Rhythm of the Bible • Genesis 1:5 – “there was evening, and there was morning” • Biblical Rhythm – the night comes before the day • Our Monday night is actually the Biblical Tuesday night, then comes Tuesday day • Any part of a day can be considered a day
Passion Week • Last Supper – Passover Seder • Christ died on Passover • 9:00 am put on the cross, time of morning national sacrifice • 3:00 pm at the time of the afternoon national sacrifice
Passion Week • Christ was buried on Feast of Unleavened Bread • Leaven represents sin • Leave Egypt behind – have no sin anywhere • Exodus tells us on the first day to remove all yeast from your house • John 19:31 – “special Sabbath”
Passion Week • Christ rose on the Feast of First Fruits • I Corinthians 15:20 – “But Christ has indeed been raised from the dead, the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep.” • Any part of a day can be considered a day
Conclusion • Jewish festivals set a pattern for Jesus’ life to fulfill • We can get a deeper meaning of Jesus’ life and death by studying our Jewish roots • Questions?
Next Week • Crucifixion Story – Mark 14:43 – 15:41